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Economic Growth and CO2 Emissions in the European Union


  • Aurelia Bengochea-Morancho
  • Francisco Higón-Tamarit


  • Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso


This paper examines the relationship between economic growth and CO 2 emissions in the European Union. A panel data analysis for the period 1981 to 1995 is applied in order to estimate the relationship between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth and CO 2 emissions in ten selected European countries. The analysis shows important disparities between the most industrialised countries and the rest. The results do not seem to support a uniform policy to control emissions; they rather indicate that a reduction in emissions should be achieved by taking into account the specific economic situation and the industrial structure of each EU member state. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Suggested Citation

  • Aurelia Bengochea-Morancho & Francisco Higón-Tamarit & Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, 2001. "Economic Growth and CO2 Emissions in the European Union," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 19(2), pages 165-172, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:19:y:2001:i:2:p:165-172
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1011188401445

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jorgenson, Dale W. & Wilcoxen, Peter J., 1993. "Reducing US carbon emissions: an econometric general equilibrium assessment," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 7-25, March.
    2. Manuel Arellano & Olympia Bover, 1990. "La econometría de datos de panel," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 14(1), pages 3-45, January.
    3. Peter Hoeller & Andrew Dean & Jon Nicolaisen, 1990. "A Survey of Studies of the Costs of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 89, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jeffrey, Cynthia & Perkins, Jon D., 2014. "The Relationship between Energy Taxation and Business Environmental Protection Expenditures in the European Union," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 403-425.
    2. Nicole Grunewald & Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, 2009. "Driving Factors of Carbon Dioxide Emissions and the Impact from Kyoto Protocol," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 190, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Orubu, Christopher O. & Omotor, Douglason G., 2011. "Environmental quality and economic growth: Searching for environmental Kuznets curves for air and water pollutants in Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 4178-4188, July.
    4. Beate Jochimsen & Christian Raffer, 2016. "Herausforderungen bei der Messung von Wohlfahrt," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1595, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Aurelia Bengochea-Morancho, 2003. "Testing for an environmental Kuznets curve in Latin-American countries," Revista de Analisis Economico – Economic Analysis Review, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines, vol. 18(1), pages 3-26, June.
    6. Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Aurelia Bengochea-Morancho & Rafael Morales-Lage, 2007. "The impact of population on CO 2 emissions: evidence from European countries," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 38(4), pages 497-512, December.
    7. Hermann Pythagore Pierre Donfouet & P. Wilner Jeanty & Eric Malin, 2013. "A Spatial Dynamic Panel Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve in European Countries," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201318, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    8. Jeffrey, Cynthia & Perkins, Jon D., 2015. "The association between energy taxation, participation in an emissions trading system, and the intensity of carbon dioxide emissions in the European Union," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 397-417.
    9. Calbick, K.S. & Gunton, Thomas, 2014. "Differences among OECD countries’ GHG emissions: Causes and policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 895-902.
    10. Barakatou Atte-Oudeyi & Bruno Kestemont & Jean Luc De Meulemeester, 2016. "Road Transport, Economic Growth and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the BRIICS: Conditions For a Low Carbon Economic Development," Working Papers CEB 16-023, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.


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