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Do Immigrant Groups Differ in Welfare Usage? Evidence from the U.S

  • Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

    ()

  • Maharouf Oyolola

    ()

The study of welfare participation in the United States prior to the 1996 Welfare Reform Act and afterward has primarily focused on comparing native and immigrant households. Analyses that have gone beyond this broad classification have focused on comparisons across race, with particular focus on Hispanic immigrants. This paper moves away from the existing literature by investigating whether there is a difference in welfare usage among immigrant based on their birthplace. Using a probit model, we investigate this potential difference by testing two related hypotheses. Our results suggest that the probability of welfare usage for immigrants with similar characteristic, differ for some immigrant groups. We also find that for some immigrant groups, citizen and noncitizens differ with respect to welfare usage. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 2011

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11293-011-9279-x
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Article provided by International Atlantic Economic Society in its journal Atlantic Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 39 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 231-247

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Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:39:y:2011:i:3:p:231-247
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  1. Hansen, Jörgen & Lofstrom, Magnus, 1999. "Immigrant Assimilation and Welfare Participation: Do Immigrants Assimilate Into or Out-of Welfare," IZA Discussion Papers 100, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Francine D. Blau, 1984. "The use of transfer payments by immigrants," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 37(2), pages 222-239, January.
  3. George J. Borjas & Stephen J. Trejo, 1990. "Immigrant Participation in the Welfare System," NBER Working Papers 3423, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
  5. Sonya Kostova Huffman & Maureen Kilkenny, 2007. "Regional welfare program and labour force participation," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(2), pages 215-239, 06.
  6. Madeline Zavodny, 1997. "Welfare and the locational choices of new immigrants," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q II, pages 2-10.
  7. Hansen, Jörgen & Lofstrom, Magnus, 2006. "Immigrant-Native Differences in Welfare Participation: The Role of Entry and Exit Rates," IZA Discussion Papers 2261, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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