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“Following” or “attracting” the customer? Japanese Banking FDI in Europe

  • Marc Ruhr
  • Michael Ryan

Using firm-level Japanese FDI data on investment into 18 European countries between 1970–2000 in all industries (banking, manufacturing, wholesale/retail distribution, and business services), this study examines if the “follow the customer” (FTC) hypothesis holds for firm-level data. The results suggest that banks do follow their customers into a foreign market, as part of a larger strategy that goes beyond the FTC theory. The firm level data show that the majority of FDI into a host country occurs after the foreign bank has established operations. Policy implications of this finding include the suggestion that host economies liberalize their financial sector early in an effort to attract banking FDI which then will attract non-banking FDI rather than the reverse. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 2005

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11293-005-2869-8
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Article provided by International Atlantic Economic Society in its journal Atlantic Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 33 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 405-422

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Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:33:y:2005:i:4:p:405-422
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