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The Impacts of "Shock Therapy" on Large and Small Clients:Experiences from Two Large Bank Failures in Japan

  • Shin-ichi Fukuda

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)

  • Satoshi Koibuchi

    (Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Tokyo)

A "shock therapy" might have different impacts between large and small firms. In this paper, we focus on the clients of two large failed Japanese banks - the Long-term Credit Bank of Japan (LTCB) and the Nippon Credit Bank (NCB). We first show that subsequent events after the bank failures allowed the new LTCB to adopt a "shock therapy" but kept the new NCB to face "soft budget constraints". We then show that the different therapies made performances of these two banks' customers very different. Under the shock therapy, large firms showed significant recovery of their profits but small firms did not. In contrast, under the soft budget constraints, large firms did not show recovery and small firms experienced significant decline in their profits when the new bank terminated the banking relationship.

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File URL: http://www.cirje.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/research/dp/2006/2006cf439.pdf
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Paper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-439.

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Length: 35pages
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2006cf439
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  1. Alan G. Ahearne & Naoki Shinada, 2005. "Zombie Firms and Economic Stagnation in Japan," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d05-95, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
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  11. Brewer, Elijah III & Genay, Hesna & Hunter, William Curt & Kaufman, George G., 2003. "The value of banking relationships during a financial crisis: Evidence from failures of Japanese banks," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 233-262, September.
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