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The Impacts of "Shock Therapy" on Large and Small Clients: Experiences from Two Large Bank Failures in Japan

  • Fukuda, Shin-ichi
  • Koibuchi, Satoshi

A "shock therapy" might have different impacts between large and small firms. In this paper, we focus on the clients of two large failed Japanese banks - the Long-term Credit Bank of Japan (LTCB) and the Nippon Credit Bank (NCB). We first show that subsequent events after the bank failures allowed the new LTCB to adopt a "shock therapy" but kept the new NCB to face "soft budget constraints". We then show that the different therapies made performances of these two banks' customers very different. Under the shock therapy, large firms showed significant recovery of their profits but small firms did not. In contrast, under the soft budget constraints, large firms did not show recovery and small firms experienced significant decline in their profits when the new bank terminated the banking relationship.

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Paper provided by Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series CEI Working Paper Series with number 2006-8.

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Length: 34 p.
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:hitcei:2006-8
Note: September 27, 2006
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  1. Shin-Ichi Fukuda & Satoshi Koibuchi, 2006. "The Impacts Of "Shock Therapy" Under A Banking Crisis: Experiences From Three Large Bank Failures In Japan," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 57(2), pages 232-256.
  2. Yamori, Nobuyoshi & Murakami, Akinobu, 1999. "Does bank relationship have an economic value?: The effect of main bank failure on client firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 115-120, October.
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