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Alternative scheme of inclusion of international aviation in EU ETS and Chinese strategy


  • Yang Xubiao

    () (Department of Aerial Operation Engineering, College of Aeronautic Transportation, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, 201620)


After slow progress of discussions and negotiations on addressing international aviation emissions under the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the European Union (EU) decided in 2008, starting from 2012, that all flights arriving to, and flying from the EU, would be included in its emission trading scheme (ETS). The EU’s unilateral action has created discord, widespread concern and controversy. Under this arrangement, and through many years of intense negotiations and hard work, three options of market-based measures (MBMs) for addressing international aviation emissions were proposed during the ICAO Council 196th Session in 2012. This paper attempts to discuss the three existing options of MBMs. This paper argues that, although this alternative MBM scheme had an important positive significance, the controversy was even more significant. Faced with such a situation, China should therefore think about what next to do. The author believes that to blindly oppose such a scheme would not solve the problem and would actually make the situation more complicated. China should therefore take on measures such as carbon emissions legislation, technology innovation and operational improvement, international negotiations and cooperation, and development of aviation emissions trading pilot.

Suggested Citation

  • Yang Xubiao, 2014. "Alternative scheme of inclusion of international aviation in EU ETS and Chinese strategy," Journal of Social Sciences (COES&RJ-JSS), , vol. 3(3), pages 426-438, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:jso:coejss:v:3:y:2014:i:3:p:426-438

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Joshua Meltzer, 2012. "Climate Change and Trade--The EU Aviation Directive and the WTO," Journal of International Economic Law, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 111-156, March.
    2. Macintosh, Andrew & Wallace, Lailey, 2009. "International aviation emissions to 2025: Can emissions be stabilised without restricting demand?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 264-273, January.
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