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Domestic Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union: What are the Spillovers? / Fiskalpolitik in einer Währungsunion: Internationale Auswirkungen

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  • Welsch Heinz

    () (Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Fachbereich 4, Wirtschaftsund Rechtswissenschaften, Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre I, D-26111 Oldenburg)

Abstract

This paper examines the spillovers of domestic fiscal expansion in a monetary union. Such a policy action leads to cross-country crowding-out effects on the one hand and cross-country multiplier effects on the other. The overall effect is indeterminate a priori. The approach pursued is therefore an empirical one, using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model with a simple representation of the money market. Three groups of parameters are identified as key determinants of the fiscal policy spillover: the elasticities of substitution in foreign trade (being a measure of the degree of trade integration), the interest elasticity of money demand, and the elasticity of wages with respect to the employment situation. For a reasonable range of parameter configurations, the interest rate effect always dominates the multiplier effect. Especially, even with a degree of trade integration four times as high as commonly assumed the overall spillover is (slightly) negative.

Suggested Citation

  • Welsch Heinz, 2000. "Domestic Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union: What are the Spillovers? / Fiskalpolitik in einer Währungsunion: Internationale Auswirkungen," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 220(3), pages 327-342, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:220:y:2000:i:3:p:327-342
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Canzoneri, Matthew B. & Diba, Behzad T., 1991. "Fiscal deficits, financial integration, and a central bank for Europe," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 381-403, December.
    2. Barry Eichengreen & Jeffry Frieden, 1993. "The Political Economy Of European Monetary Unification: An Analytical Introduction," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(2), pages 85-104, July.
    3. Canzoneri, Matthew B & Dellas, Harris, 1996. " Monetary Integration in Europe: Implications for Real Interest Rates and Stock Markets," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(4), pages 541-547, December.
    4. Dewatripont, Mathias & Michel, Gilles, 1987. "On closure rules, homogeneity and dynamics in applied general equilibrium models," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 65-76, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Uhlig, H.F.H.V.S., 2002. "One Money, But Many Fiscal Policies in Europe : What are the Consequences?," Discussion Paper 2002-32, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    2. Bonatti, Luigi & Cristini, Annalisa, 2008. "Breaking the Stability Pact: Was it predictable?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 793-810.
    3. Buchmüller, Patrik & Marte, Andreas, 2003. "Paradigmenwechsel der EU-Finanzpolitik? Der Stabilitätspakt auf dem Prüfstand," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 267, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.

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