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Income Redistribution in Croatia: The Role of Individual Taxes and Social Transfers

  • Ivica Urban

    (Institute of Public Finance, Zagreb, Croatia)

The paper discusses the methodology and preliminary results of an investigation of the redistributive effects of social security contributions (SSC), personal income tax (PIT), public pensions as well as means-tested and non-means-tested cash benefits in Croatia. The transition from a pre- to a post-tax-and-benefit income is analyzed in order to reveal which instruments contribute most to the reduction of inequality. The Croatian system of individual taxes, pensions and social benefits seems to be highly redistributive, with public pensions being the instrument that contributes most, followed by SSC and PIT.

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File URL: http://www.ijf.hr/eng/FTP/2008/3/urban.pdf
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Article provided by Institute of Public Finance in its journal Financial Theory and Practice.

Volume (Year): 32 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 387-403

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Handle: RePEc:ipf:finteo:v:32:y:2008:i:3:p:387-403
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  1. Immervoll, Herwig & Levy, Horacio & Lietz, Christine & Mantovani, D. & O'Donoghue, Cathal & Sutherland, Holly & Verbist, Gerlinde, 2005. "Household incomes and redistribution in the European Union: quantifying the equalising properties of taxes and benefits," EUROMOD Working Papers EM9/05, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  2. Kakwani, Nanak C, 1977. "Applications of Lorenz Curves in Economic Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(3), pages 719-27, April.
  3. Ivica Urban, 2006. "Progressivity of personal income tax in Croatia: decomposition of tax base and rate effects," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 30(3), pages 207-231.
  4. Mitja Cok & Boris Majcen & Miroslav Verbic & Marko Kosak, 2008. "Use of Simulation Models for the Tax Reform in Slovenia," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 32(1), pages 29-43.
  5. Lerman, Robert I. & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1995. "Changing Ranks and the Inequality Impacts of Taxes and Transfers," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 48(1), pages 45-59, March.
  6. Lambert, Peter J, 1985. "On the Redistributive Effect of Taxes and Benefits," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 32(1), pages 39-54, February.
  7. Danijel Nestic, 2005. "Income distribution in Croatia:what do the household budget survey data tell us?," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 29(1), pages 39-53.
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