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The Analysis of Regional Disparities in Romania with Gini/Struck Coefficients of Concentration



    (Institute of National Economy, The Romanian Academy)

A key objective of regional development policy is to reduce disparities between regions and to ensure a relatively balanced level of development. To achieve this goal studies and social and economic analysis based on certain techniques and methods of evaluation are necessary. In scientific literature, there are plenty of models that can be applied to assess regional disparities. One of the methods commonly used in practice is related to the calculation and analysis of the degree of concentration/diversification of activities within a region. The increase or decrease in the degree of concentration of certain activities or areas of activity in a region provides information on: - the level of overall economic development; - economic development and growth rate; - the specific features of the region, the potential, local traditions, etc. The expert analysis indicate that, in a high level of overall development or a sustained economic growth rate, there are favorable conditions for economic activities to locate in any region, so they are relatively uniformly distributed throughout the country.Knowing the degree of concentration and also the influence factors are useful in making decisions and setting regional policy measures.This article proposes a synthetic analysis of the development level of regions in Romania with the concentration/diversification model (Gini/Struck coefficients), based on the existing key statistical indicators.

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Article provided by Institute of National Economy in its journal Romanian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 31 (2010(XX))
Issue (Month): 2(40) (December)
Pages: 160-182

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Handle: RePEc:ine:journl:v:2:y:2010:i:40:p:160-182
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  1. Zaman, Gheorghe & Georgescu, George, 2009. "Structural Fund Absorption: A New Challenge For Romania?," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 6(1), pages 136-154, March.
  2. Gheorghe ZAMAN & Daniela-Luminita CONSTANTIN & Zizi GOSCHIN, 2008. "Eu Cohesion Policy Needs Differentiated Policy Mix Adequate To Specifics Of Economic Regions," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 26(1(35)), pages 33-63, June.
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