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Employment and Regional Inequality in Romania


  • Laura Patache

    (Spiru Haret University, Romania)


It is no doubt that thinking about inequality plays a part in the judgments and actions of politicians, sociologists, economists and ordinary people, too. This paper examines which factors substantially influenced regional employment. Labour market, employment and unemployment have been the subject of various researches and the labour market object has been subject of dispute. Employment and unemployment are both decomposed and analyzed through separate components (such as: full employment, effective employment, atypical employment, precarious employment, regional/local employment etc., respectively, total unemployment, partial or hidden unemployment, technical and structural one and so on). The specific literature about the regional inequalities considered the income per capita as the most relevant indicator measured by Gini coefficient. Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income or consumption expenditure among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. At regional level we studied several indicators that generate regional disparities, and influence employment quality such us: employment rate, tertiary and medium employment, unemployment rate, occupied population in informal sector, employment in primary sector, rural employment, female employment. We developed a scoring based on the deviation from the average of a group of key indicators and devised a map of employment quality resulting from multi-criteria analysis.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura Patache, 2013. "Employment and Regional Inequality in Romania," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 9(4), pages 259-266, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:dug:actaec:y:2013:i:4:p:259-266

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Isidro Frias & M. Emilia Vazquez & Ana Iglesias, 1998. "Economic growth and employment: Regional disparities in the EU," ERSA conference papers ersa98p313, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Daniela Antonescu, 2010. "The Analysis of Regional Disparities in Romania with Gini/Struck Coefficients of Concentration," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 31(2(40)), pages 160-182, December.
    3. Emilia Herman, 2011. "The Impact of Economic Growth Process on Employment in European Union Countries," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 14(42), pages 47-67, December.
    4. Ilie GHEORGHE, 2013. "Legal Proceedings and Modes that Must be Accessed by Enterprises Manufacturing Goods, Providing Works and Services in Time of Crisis," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 61(2), pages 292-295, May.
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