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A equidade na utilização de cuidados de saúde em Portugal: Uma avaliação baseada em modelos de contagem

  • Óscar Lourenço

    ()

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra)

  • Carlota Quintal

    ()

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra)

  • Pedro Lopes Ferreira

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra)

  • Pedro Pita Barros

    (Faculty of Economics, New University of Lisbon)

Desde a criação do Serviço Nacional de Saúde, a promoção da equidade no acesso aos cuidados médicos tem sido parte integrante dos objectivos da política de saúde. O objectivo do presente artigo é o de avaliar a existência ou não de equidade na utilização de cuidados médicos. Recorrendo à técnica de regressão especificaram-se dois modelos de contagem: o modelo binomial negativo e o de classes latentes. Os dados provêm do Inquérito Nacional de Saúde, 1998/99. Para medir a utilização de cuidados usamos o número de consultas efectuadas num período de três meses. Concluímos que para o caso da população global persistem factores não relacionados com o estado de saúde inibidores do acesso. No entanto, o modelo de classes latentes revela dois cenários distintos: na classe latente dos utilizadores ocasionais conclui-se pela ausência de equidade, enquanto que na classe dos utilizadores recorrentes não se pode rejeitar a hipótese de equidade.

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Article provided by Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra in its journal Notas Económicas.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 25 (June)
Pages: 6-26

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Handle: RePEc:gmf:journl:y:2007:i:25:p:6-26
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