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China’s Input-Output Efficiency of Water-Energy-Food Nexus Based on the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Model

Author

Listed:
  • Guijun Li

    () (School of Management Science and Engineering, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China)

  • Daohan Huang

    () (School of Management Science and Engineering, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China)

  • Yulong Li

    () (School of Management Science and Engineering, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China)

Abstract

An explanation and quantification of the water-energy-food nexus (WEF-Nexus) is important to advance our understanding of regional resource management, which is presently in its infant stage. Evaluation of the current states, interconnections, and trends of WEF-Nexus, in cities, has largely been ignored due to quantification hurdles and the lack of available data. Based on the interaction of WEF-Nexus with population system, economic system, and environmental system, this paper builds the input output index system at the city level. Using the input output index system, we evaluate the WEF-Nexus input-output efficiency with the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model. We regard the decision making unit as a “black box”, to explore the states and trends of WEF-Nexus. In the empirical study based on data from China, we compare the input-output efficiency of WEF-Nexus in 30 provinces across China, from 2005 to 2014, to better understand their statues and trends of the input-output efficiency holistically. Together with the Malmquist index, factors leading to regional differences in the fluctuation of input-output efficiency are explored. Finally, we conclude that the DEA model indicates the regional consumption of WEF resources in the horizontal dimension and the trends in vertical dimension, together with the Malmquist index, to explain the variations for proposing specific implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Guijun Li & Daohan Huang & Yulong Li, 2016. "China’s Input-Output Efficiency of Water-Energy-Food Nexus Based on the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Model," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-16, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:9:p:927-:d:77984
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:2:p:65:d:62755 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Donald F. Larson & Julian Lampietti & Christophe Gouel & Carlo Cafiero & John Roberts, 2014. "Food Security and Storage in the Middle East and North Africa," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 28(1), pages 48-73.
    3. Aiko Endo & Kimberly Burnett & Pedcris M. Orencio & Terukazu Kumazawa & Christopher Wada & Akira Ishii & Izumi Tsurita & Makoto Taniguchi, 2015. "Methods of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus," Working Papers 2015-12, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
    4. Yuan Chang & Guijun Li & Yuan Yao & Lixiao Zhang & Chang Yu, 2016. "Quantifying the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Current Status and Trends," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(2), pages 1-17, January.
    5. repec:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:2:p:-:d:62755 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ming Meng & Yanan Fu & Tianyu Wang & Kaiqiang Jing, 2017. "Analysis of Low-Carbon Economy Efficiency of Chinese Industrial Sectors Based on a RAM Model with Undesirable Outputs," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(3), pages 1-18, March.
    2. repec:eee:appene:v:210:y:2018:i:c:p:393-408 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:8:p:1316-:d:106256 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:appene:v:206:y:2017:i:c:p:1009-1021 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:6:p:1071-:d:101981 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:8:p:1201-:d:108174 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    water-energy-food nexus; DEA model; Malmquist index; input-output index system;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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