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Efficiency and Sustainability of Local Public Goods and Services. Case Study for Romania

Author

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  • Marius Sorin Dincă

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Transylvania University of Brasov, 1 Colina Universitatii Street, Building A, Brasov 500036, Romania)

  • Gheorghiţa Dincă

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Transylvania University of Brasov, 1 Colina Universitatii Street, Building A, Brasov 500036, Romania)

  • Maria Letiţia Andronic

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Transylvania University of Brasov, 1 Colina Universitatii Street, Building A, Brasov 500036, Romania)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency and sustainability of some local publicly-provided services (social, educational, public utilities). We have measured the Romanian local administrations expenditures’ efficiency in supplying public goods and services using the non-parametric model of data envelopment analysis. The appraisal of efficiency and sustainability is mandatory when studying the optimization of public sector costs born out of taxpayers’ money and the increase in the quantity and quality of supplied services. The services we have selected for this article cover many aspects of citizens’ life quality. We have processed data from 2011 for all 41 Romanian counties and the municipality of Bucharest. For each decision unit, we have established a technical score, either quantifying the efficiency of expenditures allocated for supplying a certain level of services or measuring results’ sustainability in terms of services rendered to local collectivities, considering a constant expenditure level. Based on the analyzed data, we have concluded that only 11 counties satisfy the required conditions. Furthermore, units registering a lower level of per capita expenditures have efficiency scores above the overall average, while counties with more citizens/taxpayers provided more public services compared to others.

Suggested Citation

  • Marius Sorin Dincă & Gheorghiţa Dincă & Maria Letiţia Andronic, 2016. "Efficiency and Sustainability of Local Public Goods and Services. Case Study for Romania," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-24, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:8:p:760-:d:75495
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sorina Botis, 2017. "The Impact of Financial Education on Banking Behavior," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 13(6), pages 292-302, DECEMBER.
    2. Marius Sorin Dinca & Mara Madaleno & Mirela Camelia Baba & Gheorghita Dinca, 2019. "Environmental Information Transparency—Evidence from Romanian Companies," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-22, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    local public services’ sustainability; public expenditures; technical efficiency scores; data envelopment analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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