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Effects of Population Growth and Climate Variability on Sustainable Groundwater in Mali, West Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Alexandra Lutz

    () (Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, Reno NV 89512, USA)

  • James M. Thomas

    () (Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, Reno NV 89512, USA)

  • Mamadou Keita

    () (Mali Rural Water Project, World Vision, Bla, Mali)

Abstract

Groundwater is increasingly relied on as a source of potable water in developing countries, but factors such as population growth, development, and climate variability, pose potential challenges for ongoing sustainable supply. The effect of these factors on the groundwater system was considered in four scenarios using a numerical model to represent the Bani area of Mali, West Africa. By 2040, population growth, climate variability, and development as urbanization, agriculture, and industry creates scenarios in which groundwater extraction is an increasingly larger percentage of the groundwater system. Consumption from agriculture and industry increases extraction rates from less than 1 to 3.8% of mean annual precipitation, which will likely affect the groundwater system. For instance, concentrated pumping in local areas may result in water level declines. The results of this study contribute to an ongoing evaluation of sustainable groundwater resources in West Africa.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandra Lutz & James M. Thomas & Mamadou Keita, 2010. "Effects of Population Growth and Climate Variability on Sustainable Groundwater in Mali, West Africa," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(1), pages 1-14, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:3:y:2010:i:1:p:21-34:d:10687
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. M. Ruth & K. Donaghy & P. Kirshen, 2006. "Introduction," Chapters,in: Regional Climate Change and Variability, chapter 1 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. J.B. (Hans) Opschoor, 2009. "Sustainability," Chapters,in: Handbook of Economics and Ethics, chapter 69 Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Veith Becker & Anssi Myrttinen & Johannes A.C. Barth & Peter Bayer, 2011. "A Summary on the Special Issue “Sustainability of Groundwater”," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(10), pages 1-4, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    groundwater; sustainability; climate; population growth;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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