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Thermodynamic Cycle Concepts for High-Efficiency Power Plants. Part B: Prosumer and Distributed Power Industry

Author

Listed:
  • Krzysztof Kosowski

    () (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Gabriela Narutowicza Street 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland)

  • Karol Tucki

    () (Department of Organization and Production Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Street 164, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland)

  • Marian Piwowarski

    () (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Gabriela Narutowicza Street 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland)

  • Robert Stępień

    () (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Gabriela Narutowicza Street 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland)

  • Olga Orynycz

    () (Department of Production Management, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska Street 45A, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland)

  • Wojciech Włodarski

    () (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Gabriela Narutowicza Street 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland)

Abstract

An analysis was carried out for different thermodynamic cycles of power plants with air turbines. A new modification of a gas turbine cycle with the combustion chamber at the turbine outlet has been described in the paper. A special air by-pass system of the combustor was applied, and in this way, the efficiency of the turbine cycle was increased by a few points. The proposed cycle equipped with an effective heat exchanger could have an efficiency higher than a classical gas turbine cycle with a regenerator. Appropriate cycle and turbine calculations were performed for micro power plants with turbine output in the range of 10–50 kW. The best arrangements achieved very high values of overall cycle efficiency, 35%–39%. Such turbines could also work in cogeneration and trigeneration arrangements, using various fuels such as liquids, gaseous fuels, wastes, coal, or biogas. Innovative technology in connection with ecology and the failure-free operation of the power plant strongly suggests the application of such devices at relatively small generating units (e.g., “prosumers” such as home farms and individual enterprises), assuring their independence from the main energy providers. Such solutions are in agreement with the politics of sustainable development.

Suggested Citation

  • Krzysztof Kosowski & Karol Tucki & Marian Piwowarski & Robert Stępień & Olga Orynycz & Wojciech Włodarski, 2019. "Thermodynamic Cycle Concepts for High-Efficiency Power Plants. Part B: Prosumer and Distributed Power Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-13, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:9:p:2647-:d:229453
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jan Wajs & Michał Bajor & Dariusz Mikielewicz, 2019. "Thermal-Hydraulic Studies on the Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger with Minijets," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-12, August.
    2. Karol Tucki & Olga Orynycz & Antoni Świć & Mateusz Mitoraj-Wojtanek, 2019. "The Development of Electromobility in Poland and EU States as a Tool for Management of CO 2 Emissions," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(15), pages 1-22, July.
    3. Włodarski, Wojciech, 2019. "A model development and experimental verification for a vapour microturbine with a permanent magnet synchronous generator," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 252(C), pages 1-1.
    4. Luis Olmos-Villalba & Bernardo Herrera & Anderson Gallego & Karen Cacua, 2019. "Experimental Evaluation of a Diesel Cogeneration System for Producing Power and Drying Aromatic Herbs," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-12, September.
    5. Dariusz Mikielewicz & Krzysztof Kosowski & Karol Tucki & Marian Piwowarski & Robert Stępień & Olga Orynycz & Wojciech Włodarski, 2019. "Influence of Different Biofuels on the Efficiency of Gas Turbine Cycles for Prosumer and Distributed Energy Power Plants," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-21, August.
    6. Karol Tucki & Olga Orynycz & Remigiusz Mruk & Antoni Świć & Katarzyna Botwińska, 2019. "Modeling of Biofuel’s Emissivity for Fuel Choice Management," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-22, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    thermodynamic cycle concepts; efficiency; decentralized energy; sustainability; fuels;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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