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The Impact of Syrian Refugees on the Turkish Economy: Regional Labour Market Effects

Author

Listed:
  • Oğuz Esen

    () (Department of Economics, İzmir University of Economics, İzmir 35330, Turkey)

  • Ayla Oğuş Binatlı

    () (Department of Economics, İzmir University of Economics, İzmir 35330, Turkey)

Abstract

The Syrian civil war resulted in mass migration out of Syria into the neighboring countries. Turkey has received the greatest number of refugees from Syria. The Syrian refugees mostly initially settled in refugee camps in Southeastern Turkey. As the Syrian conflict intensified and lengthened, the number of Syrian refugees in Turkey increased and the Syrian population started to reside in the neighboring provinces and started to have important effects on the local economy. In 2016, Syrian refugees were allowed to receive work permits and they became more dispersed geographically. This paper investigates the impact of Syrian refugees on regional labour markets. Panel data for the years 2004 through 2016 is utilized for 26 regions in Turkey. Syrian refugees are found to increase unemployment and decrease informal and formal employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Oğuz Esen & Ayla Oğuş Binatlı, 2017. "The Impact of Syrian Refugees on the Turkish Economy: Regional Labour Market Effects," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(4), pages 1-12, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jscscx:v:6:y:2017:i:4:p:129-:d:116812
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ali Fakih & May Ibrahim, 2016. "The impact of Syrian refugees on the labor market in neighboring countries: empirical evidence from Jordan," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(1), pages 64-86, February.
    2. Akgündüz, Yusuf Emre & van den Berg, Marcel & Hassink, Wolter, 2015. "The Impact of Refugee Crises on Host Labor Markets: The Case of the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 8841, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Evren Ceritoglu & H. Burcu Gurcihan Yunculer & Huzeyfe Torun & Semih Tumen, 2017. "The impact of Syrian refugees on natives’ labor market outcomes in Turkey: evidence from a quasi-experimental design," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 6(1), pages 1-28, December.
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:6:p:1722-:d:148856 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Syrian refugees; migration; labour market; Turkey;

    JEL classification:

    • A - General Economics and Teaching
    • B - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology
    • N - Economic History
    • P - Economic Systems
    • Y80 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Related Disciplines - - - Related Disciplines
    • Z00 - Other Special Topics - - General - - - General

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