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Privileging Electric Vehicles as an Element of Promoting Sustainable Urban Mobility—Effects on the Local Transport System in a Large Metropolis in Poland


  • Marta Borowska-Stefańska

    (Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz, 90-142 Łódź, Poland)

  • Michał Kowalski

    (Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz, 90-142 Łódź, Poland)

  • Paulina Kurzyk

    (Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz, 90-142 Łódź, Poland)

  • Miroslava Mikušová

    (Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, University of Zilina, 010 26 Zilina, Slovakia)

  • Szymon Wiśniewski

    (Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz, 90-142 Łódź, Poland)


The main purpose of this article was to determine the impact on the equilibrium of the local transport system from privileging EVs by permitting them to use bus lanes. The study used two sets of data: information on infrastructure and traffic management; and information on the recorded road network loads and traffic volumes generated by a given shopping centre—the E. Leclerc shopping centre (an important traffic generator within the city of Łódź, Poland). These sets were then used to develop a microsimulation traffic model for the shopping centre and the associated effects on the localised transport system. The model was constructed by means of the PTV Vissim software tool. An initial simulation was conducted that formed a basis for subsequent scenarios (in total, 17 simulations were performed). On the basis of the conducted analyses, it was established that—for the researched part of the transport system—privileging the still rather uncommon battery electric vehicles (BEVs) engendered a marginal deterioration of traffic conditions. At the same time, allowing BEVs to use bus lanes within the chosen research area had no negative impact on bus journey times.

Suggested Citation

  • Marta Borowska-Stefańska & Michał Kowalski & Paulina Kurzyk & Miroslava Mikušová & Szymon Wiśniewski, 2021. "Privileging Electric Vehicles as an Element of Promoting Sustainable Urban Mobility—Effects on the Local Transport System in a Large Metropolis in Poland," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(13), pages 1-24, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:14:y:2021:i:13:p:3838-:d:582344

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