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Reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Worm Control in Lambs

Author

Listed:
  • Fiona Kenyon

    () (Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, EH26 0PZ, Scotland, UK)

  • Jan M. Dick

    () (SEE360, Bush House, Edinburgh Technopole, Penicuik, Midlothian, EH26 0BB Scotland, UK)

  • Ron I. Smith

    () (SEE360, Bush House, Edinburgh Technopole, Penicuik, Midlothian, EH26 0BB Scotland, UK)

  • Drew G. Coulter

    () (SEE360, Bush House, Edinburgh Technopole, Penicuik, Midlothian, EH26 0BB Scotland, UK)

  • David McBean

    () (Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, EH26 0PZ, Scotland, UK)

  • Philip J. Skuce

    () (Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, EH26 0PZ, Scotland, UK)

Abstract

There are currently little or no data on the role of endemic disease control in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from livestock. In the present study, we have used an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)-compliant model to calculate GHG emissions from naturally grazing lambs under four different anthelmintic drug treatment regimes over a 5-year study period. Treatments were either “monthly” (NST), “strategic” (SPT), “targeted” (TST) or based on “clinical signs” (MT). Commercial sheep farming practices were simulated, with lambs reaching a pre-selected target market weight (38 kg) removed from the analysis as they would no longer contribute to the GHG budget of the flock. Results showed there was a significant treatment effect over all years, with lambs in the MT group consistently taking longer to reach market weight, and an extra 10% emission of CO 2 e per kg of weight gain over the other treatments. There were no significant differences between the other three treatment strategies (NST, SPT and TST) in terms of production efficiency or cumulated GHG emissions over the experimental period. This study has shown that endemic disease control can contribute to a reduction in GHG emissions from animal agriculture and help reduce the carbon footprint of livestock farming.

Suggested Citation

  • Fiona Kenyon & Jan M. Dick & Ron I. Smith & Drew G. Coulter & David McBean & Philip J. Skuce, 2013. "Reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Worm Control in Lambs," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(2), pages 1-14, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jagris:v:3:y:2013:i:2:p:271-284:d:25254
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    greenhouse gas emissions; sustainable parasite control; targeted selective treatment; carbon footprint; livestock ; anthelmintic;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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