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Analysis of Private R&D Effects in a CGE Model with Capital Varieties: The Case of the Czech Republic

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    In view of the increasing importance of private research in the Czech economy and elsewhere in Europe, this paper attempts to quantify the effect of private R&D on economic growth by applying a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model which incorporates the effects of capital varieties following Romer’s theory of endogenous growth. It was discovered that the dynamics of GDP growth are positively related to the production of capital varieties and the elasticity of substitution between homogenous and variety capital. For the Czech Republic, a small and export-oriented economy, support for private R&D can be particularly beneficial since it stimulates the exports of important industries. However, with regard to households, a policy of stimulating R&D could cause short-term adverse effects due to growing unemployment resulting from the substitution of labor for capital varieties.

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    Article provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences in its journal Finance a uver - Czech Journal of Economics and Finance.

    Volume (Year): 63 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 262-287

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    Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:63:y:2013:i:3:p:262-287
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    1. Kejak, Michal & Seiter, Stephan & Vavra, David, 2004. "Accession trajectories and convergence: endogenous growth perspective," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 13-46, March.
    2. Diao, Xinshen & Roe, Terry & Yeldan, Erinc, 1999. "Strategic policies and growth: an applied model of R&D-driven endogenous growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 343-380, December.
    3. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
    4. Kristkova, Zuzana & Ratinger, Tomas & Majerova, Jana, 2011. "Modeling the efficiency of the agri-environmental payments to Czech agriculture in a CGE framework incorporating public goods approach," 122nd Seminar, February 17-18, 2011, Ancona, Italy 99422, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Arjan Lejour & Hugo Rojas-Romagosa, 2008. "International spillovers of domestic reforms: the joint application of the Lisbon Strategy in the EU," CPB Discussion Paper 105, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    6. Bye, Brita & Jacobsen, Karl, 2011. "Restricted carbon emissions and directed R&D support; an applied general equilibrium analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 543-555, May.
    7. Madanmohan Ghosh, 2007. "R&D Policies and Endogenous Growth: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis of the Case for Canada ," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(1), pages 187-203, February.
    8. Michal Kejak & David Vavra, 2004. "Factor Accumulation Story: Any Unfinished Business?," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp220, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    9. Kamil Dybczak & David Vonka & Nico van der Windt, 2008. "The Effect of Oil Price Shocks on the Czech Economy," Working Papers 2008/5, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    10. Kiula, Olga & Markandya, Anil & Ščasný, Milan & Menkyna Tsuchimoto, Fusako, 2014. "The Economic and Environmental Effects of Taxing Air Pollutants and CO2: Lessons from a Study of the Czech Republic," MPRA Paper 66599, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Oct 2015.
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