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Oferta Laboral en México: un enfoque de variables instrumentales

  • Cinthya Caamal Olvera.

    (University of Essex.)

This paper estimates wage and income elasticities from labour supply equations for Mexican female and male workers observed between 1988 and 2002. We use time and state variation in per capita public spending in education to identify the effect of wages on hours worked, and find strong statistical support for this instrument. We find large elasticities among women in the range of –0.023 to 0.44. These are weaker among men; especially those who are single or married without children. There is evidence of a large heterogeneity along a number of observable attributes. When comparing by region, wage elasticities become stronger for those married with children, this is, in the North Center females have the largest positive wage elasticity, 2.57; while in the Gulf, the largest positive for males is 0.615.

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File URL: http://www.economia.uanl.mx/revistaensayos/xxvi/1/Oferta-laboral-en-Mexico.pdf
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Article provided by Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia in its journal Ensayos Revista de Economia.

Volume (Year): XXVI (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 (May)
Pages: 115-154

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Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxvi:y:2007:i:1:p:115-154
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  1. Gong, Xiaodong & van Soest, Arthur, 2000. "Family Structure and Female Labour Supply in Mexico City," IZA Discussion Papers 214, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Joel Slemrod, 2005. "The Economics of Workaholism: We Should Not Have Worked on This Paper," NBER Working Papers 11566, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2004. "Labor Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026203316x, June.
  4. Blundell, Richard & Macurdy, Thomas, 1999. "Labor supply: A review of alternative approaches," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1559-1695 Elsevier.
  5. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock, 1994. "Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments," NBER Technical Working Papers 0151, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Michael P. Murray, 2006. "Avoiding Invalid Instruments and Coping with Weak Instruments," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 20(4), pages 111-132, Fall.
  7. Stéphanie Guichard, 2005. "The Education Challenge in Mexico: Delivering Good Quality Education to All," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 447, OECD Publishing.
  8. Angrist, Joshua D & Krueger, Alan B, 1991. "Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(4), pages 979-1014, November.
  9. Cunningham, Wendy V., 2001. "Breadwinner or caregiver? - how household role affectslabor choices in Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2743, The World Bank.
  10. Arthur van Soest, 1995. "Structural Models of Family Labor Supply: A Discrete Choice Approach," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(1), pages 63-88.
  11. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Costas Meghir, 1998. "Estimating Labor Supply Responses Using Tax Reforms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(4), pages 827-862, July.
  12. Olivier Blanchard, 2004. "The Economic Future of Europe," NBER Working Papers 10310, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Isabelle Joumard, 2005. "Getting the Most Out of Public Sector Decentralisation in Mexico," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 453, OECD Publishing.
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