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The Education Challenge in Mexico: Delivering Good Quality Education to All

  • Stéphanie Guichard

The growth of potential GDP in Mexico is not fast enough to narrow the income gap with other OECD countries at a sufficient pace. The persistent weakness in human capital development contributes to this situation. In particular, Mexicans spend comparatively few years in formal education, and the quality of the education they receive is lower than in other OECD countries. This paper discusses the performance of education services up to the upper secondary level. It assesses both the efficiency (outcome for money invested) and the equity of the system and shows that the education system has to be improved further to narrow the human capital gap with other OECD countries at a faster pace and to better prepare children for life and work in a modern economy. The key problem is not a lack of resources but rather inefficiencies and misallocation of spending together with weak incentives for education professionals to perform well. The paper makes specific recommendations to improve the system. The ongoing efforts undertaken by the authorities go in the right direction but are not sufficient. This Paper relates to the 2005 OECD Economic Survey of Mexico (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/mexico). Le challenge de l'éducation au Mexique : Donner une éducation de qualité à tous La croissance du PIB potentiel au Mexique n’est pas assez soutenue pour permettre une réduction de l’écart de revenu avec les autres pays de l’OCDE à un rythme suffisant. La faiblesse persistante du Mexique en termes de développement du capital humain contribue à cette situation. En particulier, les Mexicains passent relativement peu d’années sur les bancs de l’école, et la qualité de l’enseignement qu’ils reçoivent est moins bonne que dans les autres pays de l’OCDE. Ce papier examine la performance des services d’enseignement au Mexique jusqu’au deuxième cycle du secondaire. Il évalue tant l’efficience (les résultats obtenus par rapport aux sommes investies) que l’équité du système et montre que ce dernier doit être encore améliorer pour que le Mexique puisse combler plus vite son retard de capital humain par rapport aux autres pays de l’OCDE et mieux préparer ses enfants à vivre et travailler dans une économie moderne. Le cœur du problème n’est pas tant le manque de ressources, mais plutôt l’inefficacité et la mauvaise allocation des dépenses, ainsi que le manque d’incitations motivant les professionnels de l’éducation. Ce chapitre contient des recommandations spécifiques pour améliorer le système. Les efforts actuels des pouvoirs publics vont dans la bonne direction mais sont insuffisants. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’OCDE du Mexique, 2005 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/mexique).

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 447.

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Date of creation: 30 Sep 2005
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:447-en
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