Dynamics of Profitability in the Turkish Banking Industry
Dynamics of profitability have important implications for the market structure and competition in the banking industry. There is a well-established literature on this issue comprising non-banking industries, however research on banking is comparatively small. Moreover, there is a lack of research comprising the dynamics of profitability in the developing banking industries. Hence, this paper focuses on the Turkish banking industry to analyze both the dynamics and determinants of profitability in the Turkish banking industry over the period 2006:4-2012:2. First, two competing hypotheses, persistence of profit and competitive environment hypotheses are tested using a dynamic panel data model. Variables representing bank size, credit risk, managerial efficiency, financial soundness, market competition, monetary policy and economic freedom are also incorporated in this model to investigate the determinants of bank profitability. System Generalized Method of Moments (SGMM) is used to estimate this dynamic model. The evidence from the findings indicate the validity of the persistence of profit hypothesis. Moreover, bank profitability has been mostly affected by the capital ratio which could have further implications through the Basel III period. The results also indicate positive impact of improvement in financial soundness of banks on profitability.
Volume (Year): 14 (2014)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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