Integrated daily commuting patterns and optimal road tolls and parking fees in a linear city
For decades, the dynamic traffic patterns of morning and evening commutes have been investigated separately, and it is often assumed that they are simple mirror symmetries. In this paper, we use a two-stage differential method to establish a daily traffic pattern that links the morning and evening commutes as an integrated one. Based on a bi-direction bottleneck network with a spatial pattern of parking, we use analytical models to describe travelers' behavior in choosing departure times in their morning and evening trips, where a commuter's morning and evening decisions are joined by a parking location. Given fixed parking locations of commuters, we firstly derive the evening commute pattern, which is a Nash equilibrium in the sense that no one can reduce her/his travel cost given other commuters' decisions. Then the individual evening commute costs are allocated to different parking locations in modeling the morning commuting behavior, and the morning travel pattern is a user equilibrium in the sense that everyone has equal daily travel cost and no one can reduce private travel cost by unilaterally changing travel decisions. Then we propose a time-varying road toll regime to eliminate queuing delay and reduce schedule delay penalty. Furthermore, a time-varying road toll and location-dependent parking fee regime is developed to achieve a system optimum where the morning schedule delay cost is further reduced to the minimum by reversing the spatial order of parking. In view of the fact that road pricing is hard to implement, we propose a location-dependent parking fee regime with no road tolls to optimize the morning commute pattern, without improving the evening commute pattern.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 42 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/548/description#description|
|Order Information:|| Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/supportfaq.cws_home/regional|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Verhoef, Erik & Nijkamp, Peter & Rietveld, Piet, 1995. "The economics of regulatory parking policies: The (IM)possibilities of parking policies in traffic regulation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 141-156, March.
- Bifulco, Gennaro Nicola, 1993. "A stochastic user equilibrium assignment model for the evaluation of parking policies," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 269-287, December.
- Vickrey, William S, 1969. "Congestion Theory and Transport Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(2), pages 251-60, May.
- Richard Arnott, 1990.
"A Temporal and Spatial Equilibrium Analysis of Commuter Parking,"
884, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
- Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1991. "A temporal and spatial equilibrium analysis of commuter parking," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 301-335, August.
- Glazer, Amihai & Niskanen, Esko, 2001.
"Parking fees and congestion,"
University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers
qt9h51t02k, University of California Transportation Center.
- Richard Arnott & John Rowse, 1997.
Boston College Working Papers in Economics
350., Boston College Department of Economics.
- Zhang, Xiaoning & Yang, Hai & Huang, Hai-Jun & Zhang, H. Michael, 2005. "Integrated scheduling of daily work activities and morning-evening commutes with bottleneck congestion," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 41-60, January.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:42:y:2008:i:1:p:38-56. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.