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Polycentricity and transit service

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  • Modarres, Ali

Abstract

This paper focuses on the two related issues of employment distribution and access to transit services. Using the 2001 census tract level economic activities and transit routes within the county, a number of analyses were performed to determine the location of major employment centers in Los Angeles County and how these localities may be understood within the context of a transit service operation in a polycentric metropolitan area. The identified economic subcenters contain one-third of the county employment and its firms, collectively. While these economic nodes are networked by the existing bus routes, the connection between employees and their place of work appears to be inadequate. This has created a less than optimal condition in many sections of the metropolitan area. This paper suggests methodologies for encountering this shortcoming.

Suggested Citation

  • Modarres, Ali, 2003. "Polycentricity and transit service," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 841-864, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:37:y:2003:i:10:p:841-864
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    Cited by:

    1. Aisling J. Reynolds-Feighan, 2007. "Employment sub-centres and the choice of mode of travel to work in the Dublin region," Working Papers 200702, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    2. Casello, Jeffrey M., 2007. "Transit competitiveness in polycentric metropolitan regions," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 19-40, January.
    3. Mishra, Sabyasachee & Welch, Timothy F. & Jha, Manoj K., 2012. "Performance indicators for public transit connectivity in multi-modal transportation networks," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1066-1085.
    4. Safirova, Elena A. & Houde, SĂ©bastien & Harrington, Winston, 2007. "Spatial Development and Energy Consumption," Discussion Papers dp-07-51, Resources For the Future.
    5. Curtin, Kevin M. & Biba, Steve, 2011. "The Transit Route Arc-Node Service Maximization problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 208(1), pages 46-56, January.
    6. Jifei Ban & Richard Arnott & Jacob L. Macdonald, 2017. "Identifying Employment Subcenters: The Method of Exponentially Declining Cutoffs," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(1), pages 1-33, March.
    7. Jie Zhang & Yang Xie, 2015. "Optimal Intra-Urban Hierarchy of Activity Centers—A Minimized Household Travel Energy Consumption Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(9), pages 1-19, August.
    8. Yoon, Seo Youn & Ravulaparthy, Srinath K. & Goulias, Konstadinos G., 2014. "Dynamic diurnal social taxonomy of urban environments using data from a geocoded time use activity-travel diary and point-based business establishment inventory," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 3-17.
    9. Ghebreegziabiher Debrezion & Eric Pels & Piet Rietveld, 2004. "The Effects of Railway Investments in a Polycentric City," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-089/3, Tinbergen Institute.

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