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Theory and practice of State intervention: Italy, South Korea and stages of economic development

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  • Cardinale, Roberto

Abstract

Strategies of economic development differ widely in terms of approaches to State intervention. However, across countries, certain policies tend to prevail at specific stages of development. For example, the Italian and South Korean cases, analysed in this paper, suggest the prevalence of sectoral policies at early stages, followed by a reorientation towards microeconomic policies at later stages. The paper interprets this trend through the viewpoints of three theoretical perspectives: structural, allocative and evolutionary. The historical and theoretical analysis of the paper shows that, even if each stage of development is characterised by the prominence of a specific policy over others, a mix of policies is pursued at each stage. In addition, the functions of each policy approach vary depending on the stage. This finding highlights unexpected linkages between theory and policy, and the need to consider different theoretical perspectives to understand the multifaceted character of economic policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Cardinale, Roberto, 2019. "Theory and practice of State intervention: Italy, South Korea and stages of economic development," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 206-216.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:streco:v:49:y:2019:i:c:p:206-216
    DOI: 10.1016/j.strueco.2018.09.004
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    State intervention in the economy; Stages of economic development; Sectoral policies; Theories of economic development;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

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