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Understanding the under-representation of African American coaches: A multilevel perspective

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  • Cunningham, George B.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive, multilevel framework for understanding the under-representation of African Americans as head coaches of university athletic teams. I argue that factors at the macro-level (i.e., institutionalized practices, political climate, stakeholder expectations), meso-level (i.e., prejudice on the part of decision makers, discrimination, leadership prototypes, organizational culture of diversity), and micro-level (i.e., head coaching expectations and intentions, occupational turnover intentions) all impact this phenomenon. The framework's applicability for policy development and changes initiatives is also discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Cunningham, George B., 2010. "Understanding the under-representation of African American coaches: A multilevel perspective," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 395-406, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:13:y:2010:i:4:p:395-406
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fink, Janet S. & Pastore, Donna L. & Riemer, Harold A., 2003. "Managing Employee Diversity: Perceived Practices and Organisational Outcomes in NCAA Division III Athletic Departments," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 147-168, November.
    2. Thomas, David R. & Dyall, Lorna, 1999. "Culture, Ethnicity, and Sport Management: A New Zealand Perspective," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 115-132, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cunningham, George B., 2013. "Theory and theory development in sport management," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-4.
    2. Burton, Laura J., 2015. "Underrepresentation of women in sport leadership: A review of research," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 155-165.

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