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Prolonged unemployment and depression in older workers: A longitudinal study of intervening variables

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  • Frese, Michael
  • Mohr, Gisela

Abstract

In this study, unemployed blue-collar workers over the age of 45 (N = 51) filled out a questionnaire in 1975 and in 1977. It was shown that prolonged unemployment or re-unemployment leads to depression, reduced hope, and financial problems, although none of these factors leads to prolonged unemployment. Being employed or retired leads to a reduction of depression and financial problems. Problems associated with the daily hassles of unemployment, such as financial problems and disappointed hope play a role in the development of depression with prolonged unemployment. Potential third variables that could cause both unemployment and depression--such as internal/external control, passivity, sickness, and age--do no affect the effect of unemployment on depression.

Suggested Citation

  • Frese, Michael & Mohr, Gisela, 1987. "Prolonged unemployment and depression in older workers: A longitudinal study of intervening variables," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 173-178, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:25:y:1987:i:2:p:173-178
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    Cited by:

    1. Selenko, Eva & Batinic, Bernad, 2011. "Beyond debt. A moderator analysis of the relationship between perceived financial strain and mental health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 73(12), pages 1725-1732.
    2. William T. Gallo & Elizabeth H. Bradley & Stanislav V. Kasl, 2001. "The Effect of Job Displacement on Subsequent Health," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 70(1), pages 159-165.
    3. Kelaher, Margaret & Dunt, David & Dodson, Sarity, 2007. "Unemployment, contraceptive behaviour and reproductive outcomes among young Australian women," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 95-101, June.
    4. Dominik Stroukal, 2016. "A longitudinal analysis of the effect of unemployment on health," International Journal of Economic Sciences, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences, vol. 5(2), pages 55-68, June.
    5. Shubha Chakravarty & Mattias Lundberg & Plamen Nikolov & Juliane Zenker, 2017. "Vocational Training Programs and Youth Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Nepal," Working Papers 2017-056, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    6. Chakravarty,Shubha & Lundberg,Mattias K. A. & Zenker,Juliane & Nikolov, Plamen V., 2016. "The role of training programs for youth employment in Nepal : impact evaluation report on the employment fund," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7656, The World Bank.

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