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7. Marginal Social Cost Pricing For All Transport Modes And The Effects Of Modal Budget Constraints

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  • Proost, Stef
  • Van Dender, Kurt

Abstract

This paper studies the order of magnitude of the pricing corrections that are needed to implement marginal social cost pricing for all transport modes. With the TRENEN model we study this question for 6 areas in the EU. As marginal social cost pricing may generate important surpluses and deficits for the different modes, we also study the effects of two alternative pricing rules that satisfy budget constraints. We examine the effects of average cost pricing that guarantees a budget balance per mode. The second alternative pricing rule we study is social Ramsey pricing (or marginal social cost pricing with a budget constraint) where we impose a budget constraint at the level of the transport sector. We estimate transport effects and welfare effects of the three pricing rules. We show that average pricing rules may actually do worse than the present pricing rules and that social Ramsey pricing may achieve 50% or more of the maximal welfare gain.
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  • Proost, Stef & Van Dender, Kurt, 2004. "7. Marginal Social Cost Pricing For All Transport Modes And The Effects Of Modal Budget Constraints," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 159-177, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:retrec:v:9:y:2004:i:1:p:159-177
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    2. Mohring, Herbert, 1972. "Optimization and Scale Economies in Urban Bus Transportation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 591-604, September.
    3. Stef Proost & Kurt Van Dender, 2001. "Methodology and structure of the urban model," Chapters,in: Reforming Transport Pricing in the European Union, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Proost, S. & Van Dender, K. & Courcelle, C. & De Borger, B. & Peirson, J. & Sharp, D. & Vickerman, R. & Gibbons, E. & O'Mahony, M. & Heaney, Q. & Van den Bergh, J. & Verhoef, E., 2002. "How large is the gap between present and efficient transport prices in Europe?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 41-57, January.
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    7. David M. Newbery & Georgina Santos, 1999. "Road taxes, road user charges and earmarking," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 20(2), pages 103-132, June.
    8. Parry, Ian W H & Bento, Antonio, 2001. " Revenue Recycling and the Welfare Effects of Road Pricing," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 103(4), pages 645-671, December.
    9. Jean-Jacques Laffont & Jean Tirole, 1993. "A Theory of Incentives in Procurement and Regulation," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262121743, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Batarce, Marco & Ivaldi, Marc, 2010. "Travel Demand Model with Heterogeneous Users and Endogenous Congestion: An application to optimal pricing of bus services," IDEI Working Papers 659, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised Apr 2011.
    2. Safirova, Elena A. & Houde, Sébastien & Harrington, Winston, 2008. "Marginal Social Cost Pricing on a Transportation Network: Comparison of Second-Best Policies," Discussion Papers dp-07-52, Resources For the Future.
    3. Tirachini, Alejandro & Hensher, David A. & Rose, John M., 2014. "Multimodal pricing and optimal design of urban public transport: The interplay between traffic congestion and bus crowding," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 33-54.
    4. Inge Mayeres & Stef Proost, 2004. "Towards better transport pricing and taxation in Belgium," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 23-43.
    5. Mayeres, Inge & Proost, Stef & Dender, Kurt Van, 2005. "The Impacts of Marginal Social Cost Pricing," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 211-243, January.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy

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