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Comprehensive modelling for approaching the Kyoto targets on a local scale


  • Pietrapertosa, F.
  • Cosmi, C.
  • Macchiato, M.
  • Marmo, G.
  • Salvia, M.


This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the MARKAL comprehensive model in the development of coherent medium-term strategies and sound climate protection policies at local level. The local case study (Val d'Agri, Basilicata region, Italy) discusses the possible role of local communities in the achievement of the national objectives derived by the Kyoto Protocol, investigating the traditional sectors responsible for air pollution and providing a full picture of the main energy and material flows. A scenario by scenario analysis was performed to analyse the response of the modelled system to the introduction of an exogenous constraint on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The main effects are presented with reference to fuel mix, technology choice, real market prices and reduced costs of competing options. The comparison of the solutions obtained for the different scenarios is useful to point out the effects of the CO2 constraint on the total system cost and on the emission levels of other atmospheric pollutants. A further multiobjective optimisation was performed to analyse the effects of combined environmental constraints (CO2 and particulate) on the overall system cost as well as in terms of marginal costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Pietrapertosa, F. & Cosmi, C. & Macchiato, M. & Marmo, G. & Salvia, M., 2003. "Comprehensive modelling for approaching the Kyoto targets on a local scale," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 249-270, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:7:y:2003:i:3:p:249-270

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mirasgedis, S. & Sarafidis, Y. & Georgopoulou, E. & Lalas, D. P., 2002. "The role of renewable energy sources within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol: the case of Greece," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 247-269, September.
    2. Hadley, S. W. & Short, W., 2001. "Electricity sector analysis in the clean energy futures study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(14), pages 1285-1298, November.
    3. Gielen, DJ, 1995. "Toward integrated energy and materials policies?: A case study on CO2 reduction in the Netherlands," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(12), pages 1049-1062, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Salvia, M. & Pietrapertosa, F. & Cosmi, C. & Cuomo, V. & Macchiato, M., 2004. "Approaching the Kyoto targets: a case study for Basilicata region (Italy)," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 73-90, February.
    2. Terrados, J. & Almonacid, G. & PĂ©rez-Higueras, P., 2009. "Proposal for a combined methodology for renewable energy planning. Application to a Spanish region," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(8), pages 2022-2030, October.
    3. Yangka, Dorji & Diesendorf, Mark, 2016. "Modeling the benefits of electric cooking in Bhutan: A long term perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 494-503.
    4. Comodi, Gabriele & Cioccolanti, Luca & Polonara, Fabio & Brandoni, Caterina, 2012. "Local authorities in the context of energy and climate policy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 737-748.
    5. Mirakyan, Atom & De Guio, Roland, 2013. "Integrated energy planning in cities and territories: A review of methods and tools," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 289-297.
    6. Venmans, Frank, 2012. "A literature-based multi-criteria evaluation of the EU ETS," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 5493-5510.
    7. Pietrapertosa, F. & Cosmi, C. & Macchiato, M. & Salvia, M. & Cuomo, V., 2009. "Life Cycle Assessment, ExternE and Comprehensive Analysis for an integrated evaluation of the environmental impact of anthropogenic activities," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 1039-1048, June.
    8. Mirakyan, Atom & De Guio, Roland, 2015. "Modelling and uncertainties in integrated energy planning," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 62-69.
    9. Comodi, G. & Cioccolanti, L. & Gargiulo, M., 2012. "Municipal scale scenario: Analysis of an Italian seaside town with MarkAL-TIMES," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 303-315.
    10. Anis Radzi, 2015. "A survey of expert attitudes on understanding and governing energy autonomy at the local level," Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(5), pages 397-405, September.


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