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Energy poverty in China: An index based comprehensive evaluation

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  • Wang, Ke
  • Wang, Ya-Xuan
  • Li, Kang
  • Wei, Yi-Ming

Abstract

Energy poverty has got increasing attention during the latest three decades. Measuring energy poverty is the premise of policy making to alleviate energy poverty. There is no unified energy poverty measurement that has been widely accepted. This paper reviews the commonly used energy poverty measurements through classifying them into three categories: energy service availability, energy service quality, and satisfaction of energy demand for human׳s survival and development. This paper also analyzes the suitability of the commonly used energy poverty measurement for China from the prospective of data availability and index applicability. Furthermore, we construct a new energy poverty comprehensive evaluation index in this study, and the index is illustrated to evaluate regional energy poverty in China. The evaluation results indicate that China׳s energy poverty showed an alleviating trend from 2000 to 2011, and during this period, China׳s energy service availability improved slightly; energy consumption cleanliness showed no significant change; energy management completeness decreased with fluctuations; and household energy affordability and energy efficiency improved continually. In addition, China׳s regions show different characteristics of energy poverty. For example, Middle reaches of Yangtze River region showed the worst energy availability and Eastern coastal region showed the worst energy management completeness. Several policy implications for energy poverty alleviation are also proposed in this study, including, for instance, increasing investment on energy infrastructure, and spreading energy management organization in rural area; decreasing relative cost on household commercial energy consumption, and encourage the utilization of modern, clean and efficient household energy consumption equipment.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Ke & Wang, Ya-Xuan & Li, Kang & Wei, Yi-Ming, 2015. "Energy poverty in China: An index based comprehensive evaluation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 308-323.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:47:y:2015:i:c:p:308-323
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.03.041
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    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p1:p:1350-1364 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:12:p:1942-:d:120151 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:enepol:v:113:y:2018:i:c:p:157-170 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Alexandru Maxim & Costică Mihai & Constantin-Marius Apostoaie & Cristian Popescu & Costel Istrate & Ionel Bostan, 2016. "Implications and Measurement of Energy Poverty across the European Union," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-20, May.
    6. repec:eee:enepol:v:131:y:2019:i:c:p:72-81 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Jingwen Wu & Bingdong Hou & Ruoyu Ke & Yun-Fei Du & Ce Wang & Xiangzheng Li & Jiawei Cai & Tianqi Chen & Meixuan Teng & Jin Liu & Jin-Wei Wang & Hua Liao, 2018. "Residential fuel choice in the rural: A field research on two counties of North China," CEEP-BIT Working Papers 109, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEP), Beijing Institute of Technology.
    8. Sadath, Anver C. & Acharya, Rajesh H., 2017. "Assessing the extent and intensity of energy poverty using Multidimensional Energy Poverty Index: Empirical evidence from households in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 540-550.
    9. Sun, Chuanwang & Zhang, Yifan & Peng, Shuijun & Zhang, Wencheng, 2015. "The inequalities of public utility products in China: From the perspective of the Atkinson index," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 751-760.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy poverty; Energy service; Energy consumption; China;

    JEL classification:

    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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