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Renewable energy resources: Current status, future prospects and their enabling technology


  • Ellabban, Omar
  • Abu-Rub, Haitham
  • Blaabjerg, Frede


Electric energy security is essential, yet the high cost and limited sources of fossil fuels, in addition to the need to reduce greenhouse gasses emission, have made renewable resources attractive in world energy-based economies. The potential for renewable energy resources is enormous because they can, in principle, exponentially exceed the world׳s energy demand; therefore, these types of resources will have a significant share in the future global energy portfolio, much of which is now concentrating on advancing their pool of renewable energy resources. Accordingly, this paper presents how renewable energy resources are currently being used, scientific developments to improve their use, their future prospects, and their deployment. Additionally, the paper represents the impact of power electronics and smart grid technologies that can enable the proportionate share of renewable energy resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Ellabban, Omar & Abu-Rub, Haitham & Blaabjerg, Frede, 2014. "Renewable energy resources: Current status, future prospects and their enabling technology," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 748-764.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:39:y:2014:i:c:p:748-764
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.113

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Eltamaly, Ali M., 2013. "Design and implementation of wind energy system in Saudi Arabia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 42-52.
    6. Nguyen, Trinh Hoang & Prinz, Andreas & Friisø, Trond & Nossum, Rolf & Tyapin, Ilya, 2013. "A framework for data integration of offshore wind farms," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 150-161.
    7. Ruiz, J.A. & Juárez, M.C. & Morales, M.P. & Muñoz, P. & Mendívil, M.A., 2013. "Biomass gasification for electricity generation: Review of current technology barriers," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 174-183.
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