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Overview of challenges, prospects, environmental impacts and policies for renewable energy and sustainable development in Greece


  • Mondol, Jayanta Deb
  • Koumpetsos, Nikos


The aim of the study was to present the current status of the electrical energy market, energy legislation, green house gas emissions, energy consumption trends and future prospects of sustainable development in Greece. The study described current issues relevant to the renewable energy sources (RES) such as the climatic factors that affect the penetration of RES into the Greek energy mix, the current regulation status, the barriers and evaluation of their contribution in the energy balance. The study also investigated the increasing power demand, emissions and energy trends in the residential sector in Greece. The paper evaluated the current status of the building stock, RES and the future energy related prospects of the Aegean Sea islands. The islands were categorized based on energy production cost, heating degree days, building characteristics and natural resources to identify islands with higher and lower renewable energy potentials. The study revealed that the islands with the higher potential energy savings in the residential sector are Lesbos, Lemnos, Samothrace, Chios, Andros, Patmos, Kea and Kimolos while at the same time, Rhodes, Naxos, Amorgos, Syros, Ios and Kythnos are those islands that present the lower potential. The study will help to propose action plans and implementation strategies in terms of residential renewable energy applications in non-grid interconnected islands in Greece.

Suggested Citation

  • Mondol, Jayanta Deb & Koumpetsos, Nikos, 2013. "Overview of challenges, prospects, environmental impacts and policies for renewable energy and sustainable development in Greece," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 431-442.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:23:y:2013:i:c:p:431-442
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.01.041

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gaigalis, Vygandas & Markevicius, Antanas & Skema, Romualdas & Savickas, Juozas, 2015. "Sustainable energy strategy of Lithuanian Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant region for 2012–2035 as a chance for regional development," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1680-1696.
    2. Gaigalis, Vygandas & Skema, Romualdas, 2016. "A review on solid biofuel usage in Lithuania after the decommission of Ignalina NPP and compliance with the EU policy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 974-988.
    3. Latinopoulos, D. & Kechagia, K., 2015. "A GIS-based multi-criteria evaluation for wind farm site selection. A regional scale application in Greece," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 550-560.
    4. Yanine, Franco Fernando & Caballero, Federico I. & Sauma, Enzo E. & Córdova, Felisa M., 2014. "Homeostatic control, smart metering and efficient energy supply and consumption criteria: A means to building more sustainable hybrid micro-generation systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 235-258.
    5. Foo, K.Y., 2015. "A vision on the opportunities, policies and coping strategies for the energy security and green energy development in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1477-1498.
    6. Drosou, Vassiliki & Kosmopoulos, Panos & Papadopoulos, Agis, 2016. "Solar cooling system using concentrating collectors for office buildings: A case study for Greece," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 697-708.
    7. Pensini, Alessandro & Rasmussen, Claus N. & Kempton, Willett, 2014. "Economic analysis of using excess renewable electricity to displace heating fuels," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 530-543.
    8. Gaigalis, Vygandas & Skema, Romualdas, 2014. "Sustainable economy development and transition of fuel and energy in Lithuania after integration into the European Union," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 719-733.
    9. Andrew Chapman & Benjamin McLellan & Tetsuo Tezuka, 2016. "Strengthening the Energy Policy Making Process and Sustainability Outcomes in the OECD through Policy Design," Administrative Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(3), pages 1-16, July.
    10. Gaigalis, Vygandas & Markevicius, Antanas & Katinas, Vladislovas & Skema, Romualdas, 2014. "Analysis of the renewable energy promotion in Lithuania in compliance with the European Union strategy and policy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 422-435.
    11. Cristofari, C. & Storai, C. & Canaletti, J.L., 2014. "Development policy to increase the competitiveness of renewable energy-sector companies in a territory like Corsica (France)," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 61-66.

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    Energy; Policy; Renewable; Sustainable; Emissions; Buildings;


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