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Energy market reforms in Turkey and their impact on innovation and R&D expenditures


  • Sirin, Selahattin Murat


Energy sector is encountering serious problems which can be solved by technological innovations and increasing R&D expenditures. On the other hand, energy market reforms notably the establishment of competitive electricity and natural gas markets have resulted in a decrease of government energy R&D expenditures in most countries. Furthermore, there are rising concerns that private energy R&D expenditures are also declining as a result of energy market reforms, and companies are choosing customer-oriented innovations which may jeopardize the deployment of sustainable and renewable energy technologies. Turkey initiated energy market reforms in 2001, and has been trying to establish competitive electricity and natural gas markets since then. A survey of electricity and natural gas transmission and distribution companies in Turkey showed that nearly all of these companies have refrained R&D expenditures and have made organizational innovations mostly. Moreover, government energy R&D expenditures are very low compared to developed countries and enterprises are still trying to adapt to new market conditions. Nonetheless, energy market reforms may have positive effects on R&D expenditures and innovations as Turkey completes privatization of distribution companies, eliminates uncertainties in electricity and natural gas markets, and take measures to increase collaboration among enterprises, universities and government agencies.

Suggested Citation

  • Sirin, Selahattin Murat, 2011. "Energy market reforms in Turkey and their impact on innovation and R&D expenditures," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4579-4585.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:9:p:4579-4585
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.093

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Markard, Jochen & Truffer, Bernhard, 2006. "Innovation processes in large technical systems: Market liberalization as a driver for radical change?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 609-625, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sirin, Selahattin Murat & Erdogan, Fakir H., 2013. "R&D expenditures in liberalized electricity markets: The case of Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 491-498.
    2. Juan Francisco De Negri & Simon Pezzutto & Sonia Gantioler & David Moser & Wolfram Sparber, 2020. "A Comprehensive Analysis of Public and Private Funding for Photovoltaics Research and Development in the European Union, Norway, and Turkey," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(11), pages 1-23, May.

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    Innovation; R&D; Energy market reforms; Turkey;


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