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Medium-term wind speeds forecasting utilizing hybrid models for three different sites in Xinjiang, China


  • Wang, Jianzhou
  • Qin, Shanshan
  • Zhou, Qingping
  • Jiang, Haiyan


Interest in renewable and clean energy sources is becoming significant due to both the global energy dependency and detrimental environmental effects of utilizing fossil fuels. Therefore, increased attention has been paid to wind energy, one of the most promising sources of green energy in the world. Wind speed forecasting is of increasing importance because wind speeds affect power grid operation scheduling, wind power generation and wind farm planning. Many studies have been conducted to improve wind speed prediction performance. However, less work has been performed to preprocess the outliers existing in the raw wind speed data to achieve accurate forecasting. In this paper, Support Vector Regression (SVR), a learning machine technique for detecting outliers, has been successfully combined with seasonal index adjustment (SIA) and Elman recurrent neural network (ERNN) methods to construct the hybrid models named PMERNN and PAERNN. Then, this paper presents a medium-term wind speed forecasting performance analysis for three different sites in the Xinjiang region of China, utilizing daily wind speed data collected over a period of eight years. The experimental results suggest that the hybrid models forecast the daily wind velocities with a higher degree of accuracy over the prediction horizon compared to the other models.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Jianzhou & Qin, Shanshan & Zhou, Qingping & Jiang, Haiyan, 2015. "Medium-term wind speeds forecasting utilizing hybrid models for three different sites in Xinjiang, China," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 91-101.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:renene:v:76:y:2015:i:c:p:91-101
    DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2014.11.011

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    Cited by:

    1. Zhao, Weigang & Wei, Yi-Ming & Su, Zhongyue, 2016. "One day ahead wind speed forecasting: A resampling-based approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 886-901.
    2. Yuyang Gao & Chao Qu & Kequan Zhang, 2016. "A Hybrid Method Based on Singular Spectrum Analysis, Firefly Algorithm, and BP Neural Network for Short-Term Wind Speed Forecasting," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(10), pages 1-28, September.
    3. repec:eee:renene:v:113:y:2017:i:c:p:1434-1446 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:2:p:321-:d:129905 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Feiyu Zhang & Yuqi Dong & Kequan Zhang, 2016. "A Novel Combined Model Based on an Artificial Intelligence Algorithm—A Case Study on Wind Speed Forecasting in Penglai, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(6), pages 1-20, June.
    6. repec:eee:appene:v:211:y:2018:i:c:p:492-512 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:appene:v:197:y:2017:i:c:p:151-162 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:7:p:954-:d:104152 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ata, Rasit, 2015. "Artificial neural networks applications in wind energy systems: a review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 534-562.
    10. Santamaría-Bonfil, G. & Reyes-Ballesteros, A. & Gershenson, C., 2016. "Wind speed forecasting for wind farms: A method based on support vector regression," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 790-809.
    11. Liu, Hui & Tian, Hongqi & Liang, Xifeng & Li, Yanfei, 2015. "New wind speed forecasting approaches using fast ensemble empirical model decomposition, genetic algorithm, Mind Evolutionary Algorithm and Artificial Neural Networks," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 1066-1075.
    12. Zhilong Wang & Chen Wang & Jie Wu, 2016. "Wind Energy Potential Assessment and Forecasting Research Based on the Data Pre-Processing Technique and Swarm Intelligent Optimization Algorithms," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(11), pages 1-32, November.
    13. Zuluaga, Carlos D. & Álvarez, Mauricio A. & Giraldo, Eduardo, 2015. "Short-term wind speed prediction based on robust Kalman filtering: An experimental comparison," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 321-330.


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