Point-record driving licence and road safety: An economic approach
Beaucoup de pays ont adoptÃ©s des systÃ¨mes de permis de conduire Ã points oÃ¹ les infractions au code de la route font l'objet d'un dÃ©compte de points, avec une grande variÃ©tÃ© de mises en oeuvre. Le retrait de permis est une sanction non-monÃ©taire qui permet au gouvernement de frapper d'incapacitÃ© des individus dangereux et qui dissuade aussi la plupart des conducteurs de violer la lÃ©gislation. Les auteurs examinent les dispositifs dÃ©sirables de ces mÃ©canismes Ã points et, en particulier, s'il convient de permettre aux conducteurs de rÃ©cupÃ©rer des points et/ou de prÃ©voir une pÃ©riode d'essai pour les conducteurs novices. Ils analysent aussi la complÃ©mentaritÃ© de ces mÃ©canismes Ã points avec des amendes et considÃ¨rent la possibilitÃ© d'un retrait immÃ©diat du permis de conduire pour des violations trÃ¨s graves au code de la route.
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