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Can Islamic banking ever become Islamic?

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  • Azmat, Saad
  • Skully, Michael
  • Brown, Kym

Abstract

This paper attempts to explain the dominance of asset side debt contracts in Islamic banks, even though many consider alternative Islamic joint venture (IJV) contracts to be the ideal Islamic financing mode. Theoretical models based on asymmetric information are used to argue that adverse selection and moral hazard alone cannot explain this phenomenon. The model is augmented with risk averse depositors to show that the emergence of asset side IJV could be deterred by Islamic banks' liability side. This paper suggests that for IJV, affiliated venture capital and private equity might prove more successful institutions than banking.

Suggested Citation

  • Azmat, Saad & Skully, Michael & Brown, Kym, 2015. "Can Islamic banking ever become Islamic?," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 253-272.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pacfin:v:34:y:2015:i:c:p:253-272
    DOI: 10.1016/j.pacfin.2015.03.001
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Imronudin & Javed Ghulam Hussain, 2016. "Why Do Bank Finance Clients Prefer Mark-up to Profit Loss Sharing Principles? Evidence from Islamic Rural Banks and Small to Medium Enterprises in Indonesia," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1407-1412.
    2. Muhamed Zulkhibri & Muhammad Rizky Prima Sakti, 2018. "Procyclicality And Bank Lending Behavior In Indonesia: The Case Of Dual Banking System," Journal of Islamic Monetary Economics and Finance, Bank Indonesia, vol. 4(1), pages 1-16, August.
    3. Saad Azmat & A. S. M. Sohel Azad & M. Ishaq Bhatti & Hamza Ghaffar, 2020. "Islamic Banking, Costly Religiosity, And Competition," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 43(2), pages 263-303, May.
    4. Šeho, Mirzet & Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath & Smolo, Edib, 2020. "The effects of interest rate on Islamic bank financing instruments: Cross-country evidence from dual-banking systems," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    5. Gulzar, Rosana & Masih, Mansur, 2015. "Islamic banking: 40 years later, still interest-based? Evidence from Malaysia," MPRA Paper 65840, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2016. "Business cycle and bank lending procyclicality in a dual banking system," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 127-134.
    7. Ahmed, Habib & Elsayed, Ahmed H., 2019. "Are Islamic and conventional capital markets decoupled? Evidence from stock and bonds/sukuk markets in Malaysia," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 56-66.
    8. Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2015. "Issues in Islamic banking and finance: Islamic banks, Shari’ah-compliant investment and sukuk," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 185-191.
    9. Fianto, Bayu Arie & Gan, Christopher & Hu, Baiding & Roudaki, Jamal, 2018. "Equity financing and debt-based financing: Evidence from Islamic microfinance institutions in Indonesia," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 163-172.
    10. Yanikkaya, Halit & Gumus, Nihat & Pabuccu, Yasar Ugur, 2018. "How profitability differs between conventional and Islamic banks: A dynamic panel data approach," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 99-111.
    11. Mimouni, Karim & Smaoui, Houcem & Temimi, Akram & Al-Azzam, Moh'd, 2019. "The impact of Sukuk on the performance of conventional and Islamic banks," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 42-54.
    12. Wong, Chin-Yoong & Eng, Yoke-Kee, 2018. "Is optimal Islamic financial contract stabilizing? The perspective of a New Keynesian model with the financial accelerator," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 121-133.
    13. Narayan, Paresh Kumar & Phan, Dinh Hoang Bach, 2019. "A survey of Islamic banking and finance literature: Issues, challenges and future directions," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 484-496.
    14. Alqahtani, Faisal & Mayes, David G. & Brown, Kym, 2017. "Islamic bank efficiency compared to conventional banks during the global crisis in the GCC region," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 58-74.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Islamic banks; Moral hazard; Islamic joint venture finance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage

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