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Bank-based and market-based financial systems: Time-series evidence

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  • Lee, Bong-Soo

Abstract

In this paper, we reexamine the relative merits of bank-based and market-based financial systems in promoting long-run economic growth, which has been debated since the 19th century. We find that in the U.S., the U.K., and Japan, the stock market played an important role in financing economic growth, whereas the banking sector played a more important role in Germany, France, and Korea. A more detailed subsample analysis shows that for all countries, the banking sector played an important role in the early years of economic growth. Regarding the causal relation between financial systems and economic growth, except for Korea, all countries show that the financial system leads economic growth. A further analysis shows that the banking sector and the stock market in each country were complementary to each other in each country in the process of economic growth except for the U.S., where the two sectors were mildly substitutable.

Suggested Citation

  • Lee, Bong-Soo, 2012. "Bank-based and market-based financial systems: Time-series evidence," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 173-197.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pacfin:v:20:y:2012:i:2:p:173-197
    DOI: 10.1016/j.pacfin.2011.07.006
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    Cited by:

    1. Marques, Luís Miguel & Fuinhas, José Alberto & Marques, António Cardoso, 2012. "Interação entre o mercado acionista e o crescimento económico: Uma apreciação do caso português (1993-2010) [Interaction between the stock market and economic growth: An assessment of the Portugues," MPRA Paper 39808, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Mikhail Stolbov, 2017. "Causality between credit depth and economic growth: evidence from 24 OECD countries," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 493-524, September.
    3. Ho, Sin-Yu & Njindan Iyke, Bernard, 2017. "Empirical Reassessment of Bank-based Financial Development and Economic Growth in Hong Kong," MPRA Paper 78920, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Demir, Ayse U. & Hall, Stephen G., 2017. "Financial structure and economic development: Evidence on the view of ‘new structuralism’," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 252-259.
    5. Ghulam Mujtaba Chaudhary & Zaheer Abbas & Jamshed Khurshid Meer, 2018. "Comparative Analysis Of Financial Systems In Context Of Global Financial Crisis," IBT Journal of Business Studies (JBS), Ilma University, Faculty of Management Science, vol. 14(1), pages 95-109.
    6. Zhai, Weiyang, 2020. "Financial structure, capital openness and financial crisis," MPRA Paper 105457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Ghulam Mujtaba Chaudhary & Zaheer Abbas & Jamshed Khurshid Meer, 2018. "Comparative Analysis Of Financial Systems In Context Of Global Financial Crisis," IBT Journal of Business Studies (JBS), Ilma University, Faculty of Management Science, vol. 14(1), pages 14-18.
    8. Shikha Singh & Mandira Sarma, 2020. "Financial Structure and Stability: An Empirical Exploration," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 9(special i), pages 9-32.
    9. Williams, Barry, 2014. "Bank risk and national governance in Asia," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 10-26.
    10. Qin, Xiao & Zhou, Chunyang, 2019. "Financial structure and determinants of systemic risk contribution," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).
    11. Guseon Ji & Daniel Sungyeon Kim & Kwangwon Ahn, 2019. "Financial Structure and Systemic Risk of Banks: Evidence from Chinese Reform," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(13), pages 1-22, July.
    12. Robert Rubin, 2011. "The Global Financial Crisis and Its Ramifications," Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, vol. 119(1), pages 5-12.
    13. Marques, Luís Miguel & Fuinhas, José Alberto & Marques, António Cardoso, 2013. "Does the stock market cause economic growth? Portuguese evidence of economic regime change," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 316-324.
    14. Sin-Yu Ho & Bernard Njindan Iyke, 2020. "The Determinants of Economic Growth in Ghana: New Empirical Evidence," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 21(3), pages 626-644, June.
    15. repec:bof:bofitp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201505061169 is not listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank-based; Market-based; Financial system;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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