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An empirical evaluation of international capital flows for developing countries

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  • Hoti, Suhejla

Abstract

Flows of international capital to developing countries have fluctuated substantially over the last three decades. Empirical evidence concerning the main causes of international capital flows is, in general, mixed. There is strong support for the ‘push’ view that external factors have been important in driving capital inflows to emerging markets. However, the apparent importance of ‘push’ factors does not preclude the relevance of ‘pull’ phenomena. ‘Pull’ factors may be necessary to explain the geographic distribution of capital flows over time. During 1970–1990, international capital flows were mainly in the form of bank lending directed to governments and/or to the private sector. In the 1990s, capital flows took the form of foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio investment (PI), including bond and equity flows. The purpose of the paper is to examine the nature of foreign direct investment and portfolio investment, both of which help to finance investment and stimulate economic growth in the developing world. A quantitative classification of empirical international capital flows models forms the database for the paper. After classifying and describing the data, various theoretical and empirical model specifications used in the literature are reviewed analytically and empirically. A comparison of trends and volatilities in international capital flows for nine representative developing countries is given for 1977–2001.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoti, Suhejla, 2004. "An empirical evaluation of international capital flows for developing countries," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 143-160.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:matcom:v:64:y:2004:i:1:p:143-160
    DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4754(03)00128-9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Guillermo A. Calvo & Leonardo Leiderman & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1996. "Inflows of Capital to Developing Countries in the 1990s," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 123-139, Spring.
    2. Kim, Yoonbai, 2000. "Causes of capital flows in developing countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 235-253, April.
    3. Fernandez-Arias, Eduardo, 1996. "The new wave of private capital inflows: Push or pull?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 389-418, March.
    4. McAleer, Michael, 1994. " Sherlock Holmes and the Search for Truth: A Diagnostic Tale," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(4), pages 317-370, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Scott J. Niblock & Panha Heng & Keith Sloan, 2014. "Regional stock markets and the economic development of Southeast Asia," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 28(1), pages 47-59, May.
    2. Choong, Chee-Keong & Baharumshah, Ahmad Zubaidi & Yusop, Zulkornain & Habibullah, Muzafar Shah, 2010. "Private capital flows, stock market and economic growth in developed and developing countries: A comparative analysis," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 107-117, March.

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