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Determinants of access to improved water sources: Meeting the MDGs


  • Antunes, Micaela
  • Martins, Rita


Formally acknowledged in 2010, the human right to water reveals an increasing commitment to guaranteeing the universality of access to water for domestic uses, in accordance to the targets set in both the Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals. However, countries' fulfillment of the goal to provide access to improved water sources varies. Investing in infrastructures or education and promoting women's access to formal jobs are expected to increase the access to improved water sources, especially in more urbanized areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Antunes, Micaela & Martins, Rita, 2020. "Determinants of access to improved water sources: Meeting the MDGs," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juipol:v:63:y:2020:i:c:s095717872030014x
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jup.2020.101019

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    The human right to water; Improved water sources; Development goals;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water


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