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Rhenium mineral resources: A global assessment


  • Werner, Tim T.
  • Mudd, Gavin M.
  • Jowitt, Simon M.
  • Huston, David


Rhenium (Re) is essential to modern transportation because of its key role in the aerospace and petrochemical sectors and has been assessed as critical due to its complex supply chains and limited options for effective substitutes. Efforts to estimate global Re resources are complicated by its production as a ‘by-product of a by-product’ – i.e., its extraction as a by-product from molybdenum (Mo) concentrates, which in turn are commonly by-products from copper (Cu) mining, leading to very limited reporting of Re grades in mineral deposits. This has rendered past estimates of global Re resources subject to high uncertainty and variability.

Suggested Citation

  • Werner, Tim T. & Mudd, Gavin M. & Jowitt, Simon M. & Huston, David, 2023. "Rhenium mineral resources: A global assessment," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jrpoli:v:82:y:2023:i:c:s0301420723001496
    DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2023.103441

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    References listed on IDEAS

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