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Mining and development in the region of Antofagasta

Author

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  • Lagos, Gustavo
  • Blanco, Edgar

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyse the effect of mining on economic and social development in the region of Antofagasta from 1985 to 2008. Analysis of development is restricted to spheres described by available indicators used by several international and non-governmental organizations such as income distribution, education, health, poverty, human development and security, satisfaction, cost of living, income per capita, GDP per capita, employment, productive activity, added value and its distribution. Correlation between some of these variables is estimated as well as the gap between these indicators and those of developed countries. The region has advanced towards development since the 1990s, especially on what concerns economic indicators such as income per capita and income distribution where it ranks ahead from the rest of Chile and close to some developed countries. However, it is still far behind in some of the key social indicators such as quality of education and health, access to health services, life expectancy and large differences in the quality of life within the region. The hypothesis proposed in this paper is that the coexistence of high income levels and inequalities in the region is not a result of insufficient resources but of a lack of commitment to development by the main regional stakeholders.

Suggested Citation

  • Lagos, Gustavo & Blanco, Edgar, 2010. "Mining and development in the region of Antofagasta," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 265-275, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jrpoli:v:35:y:2010:i:4:p:265-275
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aroca, Patricio, 2001. "Impacts and development in local economies based on mining: : the case of the Chilean II region," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 119-134, June.
    2. Philip Maxwell & Matthew Peter, 1988. "Income Inequality in Small Regions: A Study of Australian Statistical Divisions," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 18(1), pages 19-27, Winter.
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    Cited by:

    1. Blanco, Luisa & Grier, Robin, 2012. "Natural resource dependence and the accumulation of physical and human capital in Latin America," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 281-295.
    2. Söderholm, Patrik & Svahn, Nanna, 2015. "Mining, regional development and benefit-sharing in developed countries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 78-91.
    3. Calderon, Angela & Harris, Jill D. & Kirsch, Philipp A., 2016. "Health interventions used by major resource companies operating in Colombia," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 187-197.
    4. repec:eee:jrpoli:v:54:y:2017:i:c:p:176-188 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Dusan Paredes & Victor Iturra, 2012. "Market Access and wages: A spatially heterogeneous approach," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 29, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2012.
    6. Figueiredo, Paulo N. & Piana, Janaina, 2016. "When “one thing (almost) leads to another”: A micro-level exploration of learning linkages in Brazil's mining industry," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 405-414.
    7. Paredes, Dusan & Iturra, Victor, 2012. "Market access and wages: A spatially heterogeneous approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 116(3), pages 349-353.

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