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The long-run causal relationship between electricity consumption and real GDP: Evidence from Japan and Germany

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  • Ikegami, Masako
  • Wang, Zijian

Abstract

We examine the long-run relationships between total electricity consumption (and two electricity types, i.e., combustible fuels electricity and nuclear energy) and real GDP for Japan and Germany, respectively, in a four-variable cointegration framework over 1996Q4–2015Q2. In each country’s case, we find a significant cointegrating relationship between total (and type) electricity consumption and real GDP. We then examine Granger causality between total (and type) electricity consumption and real GDP for each country. In Japan’s case, real GDP is dependent on electricity consumption over 1996Q4–2015Q2. In Germany’s case, electricity consumption follows fluctuations in real GDP. Both countries had an oversupply of nuclear energy in relation to real output over 1996Q4–2011Q1. The oversupply of nuclear energy in Germany has been eliminated following the recent nuclear phase-out. Japan, however, has a revived tendency to hang on to nuclear power.

Suggested Citation

  • Ikegami, Masako & Wang, Zijian, 2016. "The long-run causal relationship between electricity consumption and real GDP: Evidence from Japan and Germany," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 767-784.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:v:38:y:2016:i:5:p:767-784
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpolmod.2016.10.007
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    Cited by:

    1. Brock, Gregory & German-Soto, Vicente, 2017. "Regional industrial informality and efficiency in Mexico, 1990–2013," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 928-941.
    2. Mohamed Abdouli and Sami Hammami, 2017. "Exploring Links between FDI Inflows, Energy Consumption, and Economic Growth: Further Evidence from MENA Countries," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 42(1), pages 95-117, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bounds test; Fukushima; Granger causality; Nuclear phase-out; Structural break;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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