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Resource accumulation through economic ties: Evidence from venture capital

Author

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  • Hochberg, Yael V.
  • Lindsey, Laura A.
  • Westerfield, Mark M.

Abstract

Ties between similar partners in economic and financial networks are often attributed to concerns about agency costs. In this paper, we distinguish the underlying motives for tie formation between sets of potential partners in the network, thus informing the relative importance of agency cost and resource accumulation in tie formation across firms. We develop a robust and generalizable methodology that allows for the inference of similarity and/or cumulative advantage motives in the potential presence of resource trading. We estimate the model using venture capital (VC) co-investment networks, employing factor analysis to characterize orthogonal, interpretable resources for VC firms. In the VC setting, value-added resources other than capital appear to be exchanged for capital, but not for one another. We find little evidence for similarity motives as the primary driver of matching, suggesting that concerns over agency conflicts in partnering are dominated by the desire to accumulate higher levels of certain resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Hochberg, Yael V. & Lindsey, Laura A. & Westerfield, Mark M., 2015. "Resource accumulation through economic ties: Evidence from venture capital," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 245-267.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:118:y:2015:i:2:p:245-267
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2015.06.008
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Du, Qianqian, 2016. "Birds of a feather or celebrating differences? The formation and impacts of venture capital syndication," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 1-14.
    2. Durufle, Gilles & Hellmann, Thomas F & Wilson, Karen, 2017. "From Start-up to Scale-up: Examining Public Policies for the Financing of High-Growth Ventures," CEPR Discussion Papers 12004, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Yael Hochberg & Michael Mazzeo & Ryan McDevitt, 2015. "Specialization and Competition in the Venture Capital Industry," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 46(4), pages 323-347, June.
    4. Fuchs, Florian & Fuess, Roland & Jenkinson, Tim & Morkoetter, Stefan, 2017. "Winning a Deal in Private Equity: Do Educational Networks Matter?," Working Papers on Finance 17155, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    5. Yael V. Hochberg, 2016. "Accelerating Entrepreneurs and Ecosystems: The Seed Accelerator Model," Innovation Policy and the Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 25-51.
    6. repec:spr:jbecon:v:88:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11573-017-0874-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Yael V. Hochberg, 2015. "Accelerating Entrepreneurs and Ecosystems: The Seed Accelerator Model," NBER Chapters,in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 16, pages 25-51 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Khavul, Susanna & Deeds, David, 2016. "The Evolution of Initial Co-investment Syndications in an Emerging Venture Capital Market," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 280-293.
    9. KOUJAKU Sadamori & MIYAKAWA Daisuke, 2017. "Venture Capital Networks: An analysis using the exponential random graph model," Discussion papers 17084, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Network formation; Organizational networks; Venture capital; Syndication; Matching;

    JEL classification:

    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation

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