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The influences of incident and contextual characteristics on crime clearance of nonlethal violence: A multilevel event history analysis


  • Roberts, Aki


Using multilevel event history analyses, this article investigates the effects of both incident and contextual (social disorganization and police resources) factors on crime clearance by arrest for robbery, forcible rape, and aggravated assault incidents in 106 cities. The analysis found that victim's age, the number of concomitant offenses and victims, victim's injury, and weapon use played important roles in crime clearance for all three types of nonlethal violent incidents. Among social disorganization variables, higher unemployment and racial segregation significantly decreased the odds of clearance for robbery and aggravated assault, but not for rape. Instead, higher divorce rates significantly decreased the odds of rape clearance. This suggests that social disorganization may play a different role in the clearance mechanisms for sexual than for nonsexual violent offenses. The effects of police resource variables on clearance were not significant in the expected direction for any of the three types of incidents.

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  • Roberts, Aki, 2008. "The influences of incident and contextual characteristics on crime clearance of nonlethal violence: A multilevel event history analysis," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 61-71, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jcjust:v:36:y::i:1:p:61-71

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters, in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Cordner, Gary W., 1989. "Police agency size and investigative effectiveness," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 145-155.
    3. Lee, Catherine, 2005. "The value of life in death: Multiple regression and event history analyses of homicide clearance in Los Angeles County," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 527-534.
    4. Cameron, Samuel, 1987. "A disaggregated study of police clear-up rates for England and Wales," Journal of Behavioral Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 1-18.
    5. Cameron, Samuel, 1991. "Policing in the uneconomic zone of the production function," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 313-323.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jung, Yeondae & Wheeler, Andrew Palmer, 2019. "The effect of public surveillance cameras on crime clearance rates," SocArXiv eh5bg, Center for Open Science.
    2. Doerner, William M. & Doerner, William G., 2010. "Police Accreditation and Clearance Rates," MPRA Paper 86547, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Aug 2010.
    3. Doerner, William G. & Doerner, William M., 2008. "The Diffusion of Accreditation Among Florida Police Agencies," MPRA Paper 86545, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Apr 2009.
    4. Vaughn, Paige E., 2020. "The effects of devaluation and solvability on crime clearance," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    5. Francesca Spina, 2015. "Environmental Justice and Patterns of State Inspections," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 96(2), pages 417-429, June.
    6. Boccio, Cashen M. & Beaver, Kevin M. & Schwartz, Joseph A., 2018. "The role of verbal intelligence in becoming a successful criminal: Results from a longitudinal sample," Intelligence, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 24-31.
    7. Tillyer, Marie Skubak & Tillyer, Rob & Kelsay, James, 2015. "The nature and influence of the victim-offender relationship in kidnapping incidents," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 377-385.

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