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Institutional foundations of export diversification patterns in oil-producing countries

Listed author(s):
  • Omgba, Luc Désiré

While it is well known that resource exporting countries have higher export concentration, it is lesser known that there is substantial variance in export concentration fortunes within resource-based countries. Using several estimation techniques and other sensitivity checks, this paper offers a new explanation for success and failure in export diversification patterns in oil countries, an explanation which has an institutional and political background. In measuring the number of years between the beginning of oil production and the attainment of political independence in oil developing countries, we found that the greater the number of years, the higher the degree of export diversification ceteris paribus. Our interpretation of this result is grounded in an analysis of political constraints to diversification in resource-based countries. Institutions, unfavorable to diversification, which arose from the pre-independence period, were blocked in their positive evolution by national political elites in the post-independence period. This result contributes to a better understanding of the dynamics of institutions in resource-based countries.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147596714000134
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Comparative Economics.

Volume (Year): 42 (2014)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 1052-1064

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:42:y:2014:i:4:p:1052-1064
DOI: 10.1016/j.jce.2014.02.001
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622864

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