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Business network commons and their fragilities: Emerging configurations of local organizational fields


  • Ricciardi, Francesca
  • Zardini, Alessandro
  • Rossignoli, Cecilia


This study introduces the concept of business network commons as valuable, fragile resources that are available for partnering firms' collective use but that also require users' engagement and collaboration to be protected and/or (re)generated. Building on the theory of commons and the literature on self-organizing networks and organizational fields, this study identifies organizational variables that shape the network's local organizational field and play a relevant role in protecting and developing business network commons. These variables are participatory architecture, organizational integration, and the presence of specific mechanisms for opportunism prevention and resolution. The fsQCA analysis suggests that specific combinations of these three organizational variables at network level enable high firm performance through the development and protection of business network commons. The boundary conditions under which different network-level organizational configurations can equifinally lead to high firm-level performance depend on the different possible levels of fragility of the business network commons at stake.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricciardi, Francesca & Zardini, Alessandro & Rossignoli, Cecilia, 2018. "Business network commons and their fragilities: Emerging configurations of local organizational fields," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 328-335.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:89:y:2018:i:c:p:328-335
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.01.005

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kalle Pajunen, 2008. "Institutions and inflows of foreign direct investment: a fuzzy-set analysis," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 39(4), pages 652-669, June.
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    3. Plummer, Ryan & Armitage, Derek, 2007. "A resilience-based framework for evaluating adaptive co-management: Linking ecology, economics and society in a complex world," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 62-74, February.
    4. Ragin, Charles C., 2000. "Fuzzy-Set Social Science," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, number 9780226702773, September.
    5. Shahzad (Shaz) Ansari & Frank Wijen & Barbara Gray, 2013. "Constructing a Climate Change Logic: An Institutional Perspective on the “Tragedy of the Commons”," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 24(4), pages 1014-1040, August.
    6. Jason Owen-Smith & Walter W. Powell, 2004. "Knowledge Networks as Channels and Conduits: The Effects of Spillovers in the Boston Biotechnology Community," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 15(1), pages 5-21, February.
    7. Silvia Cantele & Silvia Vernizzi & Francesca Ricciardi, 2016. "The emerging wave of agility-oriented business networks in Italy: a new strategy for facing global competition," World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 12(2/3), pages 270-284.
    8. repec:ucp:bkecon:9780226702766 is not listed on IDEAS
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