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Using the forced metaphor-elicitation technique (FMET) to meet animal companions within self


  • Woodside, Arch G.


This article describes research tools that permit zoomorphistic explications of self-viewing of human self-behavior in terms of the behavior of animals. Transference theory, archetypal, culture, and early experiences propositions also serve to inform the etic interpretations of an informant's zoomorphistic self-report. The article describes applications of the forced metaphor-elicitation technique (FMET) that provides case-study data including storytelling and paradox resolution by informants. The article closes with advocating acceptance of Gigerenzer's proposal that method can drive theory advancement. The discussion reviews relevant literature on examining dual thinking processes by humans--implicit and explicit beliefs, attitudes, decision processes, and behavior. The research evidence helps to decode consumers' implicit thinking and behavior toward products and brands; such evidence serves to inform ourselves and brand executives of consumers' dreams about brands and how such dreams become reality--or what prevents consumers from buying the brands playing roles in consumers' stories crafted through implicit thinking.

Suggested Citation

  • Woodside, Arch G., 2008. "Using the forced metaphor-elicitation technique (FMET) to meet animal companions within self," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 61(5), pages 480-487, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:61:y:2008:i:5:p:480-487

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Holbrook, Morris B., 2006. "Consumption experience, customer value, and subjective personal introspection: An illustrative photographic essay," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 59(6), pages 714-725, June.
    2. Holt, Douglas B, 2002. " Why Do Brands Cause Trouble? A Dialectical Theory of Consumer Culture and Branding," Journal of Consumer Research, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(1), pages 70-90, June.
    3. Holbrook, Morris B., 2005. "Customer value and autoethnography: subjective personal introspection and the meanings of a photograph collection," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 45-61, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Merchant, Altaf & Ford, John B. & Sargeant, Adrian, 2010. "Charitable organizations' storytelling influence on donors' emotions and intentions," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 63(7), pages 754-762, July.
    2. Choi, Hyeonyoung & Ko, Eunju & Megehee, Carol M., 2014. "Fashion's role in visualizing physical and psychological transformations in movies," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 2911-2918.
    3. Abela, Andrew V., 2014. "Appealing to the imagination: Effective and ethical marketing of religion," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 50-58.
    4. Ewing, Michael T. & Jevons, Colin P. & Khalil, Elias L., 2009. "Brand death: A developmental model of senescence," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 62(3), pages 332-338, March.
    5. Megehee, Carol M. & Spake, Deborah F., 2012. "Consumer enactments of archetypes using luxury brands," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 65(10), pages 1434-1442.
    6. Woodside, Arch G. & Megehee, Carol M. & Sood, Suresh, 2012. "Conversations with(in) the collective unconscious by consumers, brands, and relevant others," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 65(5), pages 594-602.

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