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Sudden crash or long torture: The timing of market reactions to operational loss events

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  • Biell, Lis
  • Muller, Aline

Abstract

An emerging literature investigating market responses to operational loss announcements concludes that financial markets tend usually to overreact to loss events. This overreaction is commonly interpreted as reputational damage. We revisit this issue by focusing on the timing of markets’ reactions and highlight two variables: the start and the speed of stock markets’ responses. It appears that when operational losses are caused by internal fraud the negative market reaction materializes earlier and faster. Industry sectors and prevailing market conditions influence the timing of market reactions as well. Our empirical findings reveal moreover that a higher initial grading of the company is associated with a later stock market reaction to the announcement. While the relative magnitude and the length of markets’ overreactions is positively correlated to the concomitant downgrading our study shows that overreaction magnitudes are also strongly correlated to our estimate of the total duration of the reaction.

Suggested Citation

  • Biell, Lis & Muller, Aline, 2013. "Sudden crash or long torture: The timing of market reactions to operational loss events," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2628-2638.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:7:p:2628-2638
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.02.022
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Palmrose, Zoe-Vonna & Richardson, Vernon J. & Scholz, Susan, 2004. "Determinants of market reactions to restatement announcements," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 59-89, February.
    2. Gillet, Roland & Hübner, Georges & Plunus, Séverine, 2010. "Operational risk and reputation in the financial industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 224-235, January.
    3. Chernobai, Anna & Yildirim, Yildiray, 2008. "The dynamics of operational loss clustering," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 2655-2666, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Drienko, Jozef & Sault, Stephen J., 2013. "The intraday impact of company responses to exchange queries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4810-4819.
    2. repec:eee:jbfina:v:91:y:2018:i:c:p:106-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:pacfin:v:45:y:2017:i:c:p:116-141 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Eckert, Christian & Gatzert, Nadine, 2017. "Modeling operational risk incorporating reputation risk: An integrated analysis for financial firms," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 122-137.
    5. Chernobai, Anna & Ozdagli, Ali K. & Wang, Jianlin, 2016. "Business complexity and risk management: evidence from operational risk events in U. S. bank holding companies," Working Papers 16-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Reputational loss; Banking; Operational loss; Timing; Event study; Market reaction;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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