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The determinants of bank loan recovery rates

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  • Khieu, Hinh D.
  • Mullineaux, Donald J.
  • Yi, Ha-Chin

Abstract

Using Moody’s Ultimate Recovery Database, we estimate a model for bank loan recoveries using variables reflecting loan and borrower characteristics, industry and macroeconomic conditions, and several recovery process variables. We find that loan characteristics are more significant determinants of recovery rates than are borrower characteristics prior to default. Industry and macroeconomic conditions are relevant, as are prepackaged bankruptcy arrangements. We examine whether a commonly used proxy for recovery rates, the 30-day post-default trading price of the loan, represents an efficient estimate of actual recoveries and find that such a proxy is biased and inefficient.

Suggested Citation

  • Khieu, Hinh D. & Mullineaux, Donald J. & Yi, Ha-Chin, 2012. "The determinants of bank loan recovery rates," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 923-933.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:36:y:2012:i:4:p:923-933
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2011.10.005
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    Cited by:

    1. Nithi Sopitpongstorn & Param Silvapulle & Jiti Gao, 2017. "Local logit regression for recovery rate," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 19/17, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    2. Yao, Xiao & Crook, Jonathan & Andreeva, Galina, 2015. "Support vector regression for loss given default modelling," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 240(2), pages 528-538.
    3. Yao, Xiao & Crook, Jonathan & Andreeva, Galina, 2017. "Is it obligor or instrument that explains recovery rate: Evidence from US corporate bond," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 1-15.
    4. Mora, Nada, 2015. "Creditor recovery: The macroeconomic dependence of industry equilibrium," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 172-186.
    5. Peter-Hendrik Ingermann & Frederik Hesse & Christian Bélorgey & Andreas Pfingsten, 2016. "The recovery rate for retail and commercial customers in Germany: a look at collateral and its adjusted market values," Business Research, Springer;German Academic Association for Business Research, vol. 9(2), pages 179-228, August.
    6. repec:eee:jbfina:v:87:y:2018:i:c:p:446-461 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:ejores:v:263:y:2017:i:2:p:679-689 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Norden, Lars & van Kampen, Stefan, 2013. "Corporate leverage and the collateral channel," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5062-5072.
    9. repec:wsi:ijtafx:v:20:y:2017:i:04:n:s0219024917500236 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Bolt, Wilko & de Haan, Leo & Hoeberichts, Marco & van Oordt, Maarten R.C. & Swank, Job, 2012. "Bank profitability during recessions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 2552-2564.
    11. Christophe Hurlin & Jérémy Leymarie & Antoine Patin, 2018. "Loss functions for LGD model comparison," Working Papers halshs-01516147, HAL.
    12. Fenech, Jean Pierre & Yap, Ying Kai & Shafik, Salwa, 2016. "Modelling the recovery outcomes for defaulted loans: A survival analysis approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 79-82.
    13. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11156-016-0613-x is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Ellis Kofi, Akwaa-Sekyi & Portia, Bosompra, 2015. "Determinants of business loan default in Ghana," MPRA Paper 71961, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Ellen Tobback & David Martens & Tony Van Gestel & Bart Baesens, 2014. "Forecasting Loss Given Default models: impact of account characteristics and the macroeconomic state," Journal of the Operational Research Society, Palgrave Macmillan;The OR Society, vol. 65(3), pages 376-392, March.
    16. Lu, Meng-Jou & Chen, Cathy Yi-Hsuan & Härdle, Karl Wolfgang & Härdle, 2015. "Copula-Based Factor Model for Credit Risk Analysis," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2015-042, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Recovery rates; Ultimate recoveries; Loss given default; Credit risk;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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