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Size and earnings volatility of US bank holding companies

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  • de Haan, Jakob
  • Poghosyan, Tigran

Abstract

We examine whether bank earnings volatility depends on bank size. Using quarterly data for bank holding companies in the United States for the period 1995Q1–2010Q3 and controlling for the quality of management, leverage, and diversification, we find that bank size reduces return volatility. However, the effect is non-linear: when bank size exceeds a certain threshold (about US$5billion) size is positively related to earnings volatility. The recent financial crisis decreased the threshold beyond which the impact of size on volatility turns positive.

Suggested Citation

  • de Haan, Jakob & Poghosyan, Tigran, 2012. "Size and earnings volatility of US bank holding companies," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 3008-3016.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:36:y:2012:i:11:p:3008-3016 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.07.008
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gerhard Hambusch & Sherrill Shaffer, 2012. "Forecasting Bank Leverage," Working Paper Series 176, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
    2. McMillan, David G. & McMillan, Fiona J., 2017. "The interaction between risk, return-risk trade-off and complexity: Evidence and policy implications for US bank holding companies," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 103-113.
    3. Poghosyan, Tigran & Werger, Charlotte & de Haan, Jakob, 2016. "Size and support ratings of US banks," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 236-247.
    4. repec:eee:mulfin:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:77-91 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. David G. McMillan & Fiona J. McMillan, 2016. "US Bank Market Structure: Evolving Nature and Implications," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 50(2), pages 187-210, October.
    6. Chen, Zhizhen & Liu, Frank Hong & Opong, Kwaku & Zhou, Mingming, 2017. "Short-term safety or long-term failure? Empirical evidence of the impact of securitization on bank risk," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 48-74.
    7. Ly, Kim Cuong & Chen, Zhizhen & Wang, Senyu & Jiang, Yuxiang, 2017. "The Basel III net stable funding ratio adjustment speed and systemic risk," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 169-182.
    8. Hao Fang & Yang-Cheng Lu & Chi-Wei Su, 2013. "Impact of the Subprime Crisis on Commercial Banks’ Financial Performance," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 60(5), pages 593-614, September.
    9. Gerhard Hambusch & Sherrill Shaffer, 2016. "Forecasting bank leverage: an alternative to regulatory early warning models," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 38-69, August.
    10. Ali, Abdelrahman Elzahi Saaid, 2016. "Poverty Alleviation through Microfinance in North-East Kenya Province," Working Papers 2016-9, The Islamic Research and Teaching Institute (IRTI).
    11. Avramidis, Panagiotis & Cabolis, Christos & Serfes, Konstantinos, 2016. "Does one bank size fit all? The role of diversification and monitoring," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2016-7, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, revised 17 Oct 2016.
    12. Ashraf, Dawood & Ramady, Mohamed & Albinali, Khalid, 2016. "Financial fragility of banks, ownership structure and income diversification: Empirical evidence from the GCC region," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 56-68.
    13. Moutsianas, Konstantinos A. & Kosmidou, Kyriaki, 2016. "Bank earnings volatility in the UK: Does size matter? A comparison between commercial and investment banks," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 137-150.
    14. Shehzad, Choudhry Tanveer & De Haan, Jakob, 2015. "Supervisory powers and bank risk taking," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 15-24.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank earnings volatility; Bank size; Financial crises;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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